The Diabetes Type 1 can be genetic and may be developed if exposed to some kind of virus.
Genetics is the prime cause for type 1 diabetes. It is believed that Type 1 diabetes generally develops during childhood or adolescence, but the fact is it can be develop at any age.
A significant virus is the secondary cause for type 1 diabetes. The immune system attacks its beta cells. These cells are responsible for creating and releasing insulin which controls the quantity of glucose in the blood.
Tracing your family's medical history will enable you know if you're prone to type 1 diabetes.
Development of type 2 diabetes has many factors to blame. Genetic predisposition appears to be the strongest factor. High caloric diet and obesity appears to be another. 20% of people having type 2 diabetes contain antibodies to their islet cells which are traced in their blood leading to the unexpected low levels of insulin, pointing the susceptibility of incomplete islet cell destruction. These patients respond fast to oral drugs to cut down the blood sugar but may require insulin at a later stage.
Diabetes is widely becoming one of the common ailments of the western countries. Type 2 diabetes, which is more found than type 1 diabetes, is accelerating at epidemic speed and with fatal results i.e. heart disease, stroke it has left doctors and researchers struggling for answers why diabetes is caused and what is the best process to treat it.
One of the questions that required to be focused is; "is diabetes hereditary?" It will enable researchers to find treatment that can help prevent or cure this fatal disease. While researchers haven’t got the answer to its causes yet, there are a few components they have detected that are common links in all the diabetes cases.
While the susceptibility to get diabetes is hereditary a myriad of heredity elements and environmental situations that will add into it if someone gets diabetes. Diabetes is categorized as an autoimmune ailment, where our body view part of the body as an attacker and hits it.
Autoimmune diseases do prone to run in families and where one autoimmune disease is seen there is likelihood of finding others also. So even if none of your family members have diabetes, but if any family member has other autoimmune ailments like rheumatoid arthritis or thyroid disease, it is yet possible to also get diabetes symptoms.
Apart from asking whether diabetes is hereditary; researchers are also taking in consideration the environmental aspects, i.e. lack of activity, obesity, and age. Diabetes generally shows up in 45 years and older people who are obese, and lack enough exercise. This leads to explain that despite heredity type 2 diabetes may also be avoided by right diet and checking your weight.
A study shows, from the University of Wisconsin, that Pima Indians in America are five times more prone to develop diabetes than their counterparts in Mexico (Diabetes Care, August 2006). Only 8.9% of Mexican Pimas showed diabetes signs, in comparison to 38% of those people in the US.
Obesity is a vital factor for diabetes, but both populations were identically obese. About 8% of the Pima male and 20% of the Pima female are obese. Nevertheless, the Mexican Pimas were far more active than the American and consumed far fewer refined carbohydrates. This study shows that diabetes is somewhat an environmental disease also than simply a genetic one. Your genes decide how you react to the environment.
The type 1 diabetes is in which the patient cannot produce insulin sufficiently to maintain the blood sugar in the body. Therefore, such patient requires a regular insulin injection to curb the blood sugar from soaring up to dangerous levels. Other types for type 1 diabetes include and juvenile diabetes and insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) as these types of diabetes often starts during childhood. Once a patient is diagnosed with type 1 diabetes, he or she becomes dependent on insulin doses for survival for the rest of his or her life.
In people with insulin-dependent diabetes, the pancreas that is responsible for insulin creation is damaged by the body itself. The leading deficiency of insulin leaves the blood sugar useless for cellular respiration phenomenon, and they gets collected in the body and drained out in the form of urine. The high blood sugar causes all types of complication i.e. sight damage. When the body cannot use the sugar for energy, the muscle and fat are used for energy production which further causes serious problems like diabetic ketoacidosis.
The symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis include nausea, hot dry skin, breath odor, fast and deep breathing, and confusion. If immediate treatment is not provided the patient could go into coma and even die.
If you have type 1 diabetes, you should be vigilant about your health as diabetes complications can be fatal. Make your mind to take sufficient insulin wherever you go as missing your insulin shot could prove deadly. Juvenile diabetes, although, is specifically dangerous among young children who are not mature enough to always carry their insulin. In such case, the parents have the responsibility to educate their children about the importance of their insulin doses, and carry their insulin with them if needed.
Type 1 diabetes patients, too, should be careful about their diet. However careful they are regarding carrying their insulin, but if they are careless about what they consume, diabetes complications are yet bound to surface sooner. In fact, if diabetics are just responsible enough about what their eating habits, the possibility of complications to occur is reduced to a great level.
The importance of regular exercise is not sufficient enough to prevent the diabetes complications. It's equally necessary for diabetics to control their cholesterol and blood pressure because they can't afford to add these risks to their diabetes. The risk of developing stroke is much more if you are type 1 diabetic, cholesterol and high blood pressure. Regular exercise can enable you keep under check your blood pressure and bad cholesterol.
And religiously following the appointment to your doctor is necessary to identify early signs of type 1 diabetes complications like vision loss, nerve and kidney damage and heart ailments. Visit your doctor periodically to establish whatever signs of complications you may have. Moreover, you may require rescheduling your type 1 diabetes medication, which could only be confirmed through regular checkup.
Yes, the major cause of diabetes is genetic. More than 80% of diabetics who are identified each year have a family history of this disease at least to one family member.
But most relatives of diabetics patent never develop the disease. This is because the allele that gives rise to diabetes is a recessive trait. This term means that you must get two copies to get prone to the disease, one from each parent. If a person receives only one bad allele, they are not prone to develop the disease.
While diabetes is occurred due to a genetic history, symptoms seldom develop before middle age. While nearly 21% of the population develops diabetes, less than .05 percent will develop juvenile diabetes.
In people with the genetic disorder of the disease, several factors contribute to the onset of the symptoms. This may include age, weight and gender. As mentioned before, diabetes mostly did not develop in the young, and is more prevalent among people over 40 years of age. In addition, women are more susceptible to the detection of symptoms. Lastly, most diabetics are detected because of their being overweight.
Diabetes cannot be cured, but it can be treated to provide a patient a normal life.