For the diabetic patient controlling the level of their blood sugar is the only way to manage their disease. If diabetes exists for a prolonged period of time it can be fatal also.
There are three tests that can be used to treat diabetes. All these tests require a sample of blood and if the test results in positive then that diagnosis must be confirmed on the next day using any one of the three tests.
Once the diagnosis of diabetes is done it is imperative for the diabetic to work on maintaining their blood sugar level within a normal range. This is done through self checking of blood glucose using a blood glucose monitor.
The minimum diabetic blood sugar of any diabetics range from 70 to 120 mg/dL either before a meal or four to five hours after their last intake of calories. Blood sugar will shoot up after every meal or snack and ideally it drops to the range of 200 mg/dL about two hours after the meal.
By keeping tight check on blood sugar level diabetic can live a healthy life and cut down their risk for the many complications including vision trouble, kidney problems, nerve break down and heart strokes.
Normal guidelines for blood sugar:
Blood Sugar Range: Level of Blood sugar on waking up with an empty stomach should be ideally somewhere 80 to 120 mg/dl. After meal the normal blood sugar should be in range of 120 to 160 mg/dl. During bedtime, the blood sugar level should be in the range of 100 to 140 mg/dl. Any changes from these value ranges are termed as diabetes.
Normal blood glucose levels usually register between 70 and 150 mg. The blood sugar level either below or above the range is considered as abnormal.
If the level of sugar in your blood is over 160 mg, then you fall in the category of hyperglycemic, also known as having high blood sugar. If you have persistent high sugar, then you may become prone to diabetes which can lead to serious organ damage to your eyes, kidneys and other organs.
There are number of tests available to check for glucose levels.
1) The "fasting blood sugar" test analyzes glucose levels after a fast ideally 8 hours long. This is why most people take this test in the morning before taking any food. If the test results fall between 70 and 99, the patient is declared as normal.
2) The 2 hour postprandial blood sugar test analyzes glucose levels exactly two hours after the intake of calories. The normal blood glucose level should fall between 70 and 99.
3) Random blood glucose testing checks blood sugar levels through out day – irrespective of food consumption, sleep, activity, or any kind of exercise. The normal blood glucose for this test is ranged between 70 and 135.
4) The glucose tolerance test is done and in this the patient intakes liquid mostly made up of glucose. The purpose of the test is to watch the blood's reaction immediately after the intake of a high amount of sugar.
Diabetes is usually unearths because of the inefficiency of insulin. They are usually witnessed in the age group of 40+. Due to aging and other factors, type 2 diabetes hits our body. It is basically a genetic disorder and can be easily transferred through generations. In order to keep a check of blood sugar levels for diabetics, you should take up some natural precautions.
Lots of Hispanics and African-Americans are the victims of this ailment. Approximately 90 percent of US people are facing this epidemic. Too much intake of junk foods and sweets are the key to this deadly disease. Even obesity is one of the cause of diabetes and vice versa. We should combat this fatal disease with natural arms. We can easily discard it by adopting healthy lifestyle and eating habits. It is essential to maintain normal blood sugar for diabetes.
As there are a few tips to keep a check on sugar level naturally, you should follow a strict diet regime also. Discarding harmful foods like sugar and fats can be extremely beneficial for your body. You can incorporate lots of green leafy vegetables and a good amount of fruits in you daily meal. High fiber foods like cereals and oat meal are also advised to maintain sugar levels naturally. Home cooked meal is the best for a diabetic. In order to treat and prevent diabetes naturally, you must cut down on junk food.
Exercising regularly can be one of the welcoming steps to maintain healthy sugar level naturally. Cardio workouts like running, swimming, hiking and walking generate sufficient metabolism in your body by providing lots of oxygen. You should perform them regularly and intake at least 10-12 glasses of water if you wish to live a disease free life.
High blood sugar symptoms pose a great risk to health and your daily activity.
Hypoglycemia is the condition that arises when blood sugar levels drops too low, generally as a result of intake of more insulin or a particular diabetic medication.
A "hypo" may result in sweating, shaking and feeling somewhat disoriented. Loss of co-ordination is noticed later along with irritability and confusion, usually when your sugar level drops to 60mg/dl.
Check your glucose level as soon as you notice you may be low, or someone around you notice this. The faster you respond the better it is for your health.
For serious hypoglycemia glucagon injection may be the best treatment. It is the fastest way to raise your blood sugars level but it needs to be administered under the supervision of some trained practitioner to mix it and inject it at the time it is needed.
Living with diabetes is not that tough, but it needs adherence to exercise and planned diet, as well as keeping a record of one's blood sugar level on daily basis in the shape of a diabetes blood sugar chart.
The blood sugar chart is used to keep a data of the food you consumed, insulin administered, activities, medication, feelings or stress and the amounts of carbohydrates and blood glucose consumed in a particular day. It acts as a handy guide to help you recognize which day and time (if any) problems occur. The more details or comments you can retain on your chart pertaining to the above factors the better it is. It will enable to reduce the risk of having any associated problems with diabetes. This chart is easily available with your health care provider or there are several websites where you can download one, free of cost.
If you are a diabetic, keeping track of your glucose levels using a blood glucose meter is quite necessary to maintain your blood sugar level and living life to its fullest.
While each person's individual situation is unique, there are some general guidelines that many physicians may advice for their patients in terms of monitoring their levels of glucose. Generally, patients who are already insulin-dependent should test and record their blood glucose level before every meal and before retiring to bed at night.
Type II diabetics who control their sugar level by dieting, exercising or taking oral medication may yet be suggested by their medical practitioner to test their blood glucose level twice regularly, generally before breakfast and dinner, in order to maintain and confirm stability of their sugar levels.
Testing with a blood glucose meter is quite easy. You will use a lancet (which is a sterile piece of metal covered with plastic having a twist off cap) to prick your finger to get a tiny drop of blood. A few meters are so delicate that you can test on your other body parts instead of the fingertip.
The blood droplet is then placed on a test strip which is placed in the meter. A digital screen will flash the reading of your blood sugar level.
Most insurance policies cover the cost of a blood glucose meter and the allied testing supplies that is required, i.e. sterile lancets and testing strips. Medicare and Medicaid generally pay for this equipment also. Many companies offer a free or low cost meter to those patients who want to try their product. Check your insurance policy to ascertain if you qualify for reimbursement of a blood glucose meter.