Diabetes Blood Sugar


Diabetes Blood Sugar Levels

For the diabetic patient controlling the level of their blood sugar is the only way to manage their disease. If diabetes exists for a prolonged period of time it can be fatal also.
There are three tests that can be used to treat diabetes. All these tests require a sample of blood and if the test results in positive then that diagnosis must be confirmed on the next day using any one of the three tests.

  • Casual plasma glucose level at or more than 200 mg/dL The casual test can be conducted anytime of the day irrespective of the last time the person being tested took his meal.
  • The fasting plasma glucose test is done 8t hours after the person has consumed his last meal. In this test plasma glucose grater than 126 mg/dL is considered as positive.
  • The two hour oral glucose tolerance test. In this test the patent drinks glucose solution containing 75 anhydrous glucose mixed with water. Blood is drawn after two hours of drinking the solution and a positive result is greater than 200 mg/dL of plasma glucose level.

Once the diagnosis of diabetes is done it is imperative for the diabetic to work on maintaining their blood sugar level within a normal range. This is done through self checking of blood glucose using a blood glucose monitor.

The minimum diabetic blood sugar of any diabetics range from 70 to 120 mg/dL either before a meal or four to five hours after their last intake of calories. Blood sugar will shoot up after every meal or snack and ideally it drops to the range of 200 mg/dL about two hours after the meal.
By keeping tight check on blood sugar level diabetic can live a healthy life and cut down their risk for the many complications including vision trouble, kidney problems, nerve break down and heart strokes.

Blood Sugar Range

Normal guidelines for blood sugar:

Blood Sugar Range: Level of Blood sugar on waking up with an empty stomach should be ideally somewhere 80 to 120 mg/dl. After meal the normal blood sugar should be in range of 120 to 160 mg/dl. During bedtime, the blood sugar level should be in the range of 100 to 140 mg/dl. Any changes from these value ranges are termed as diabetes.

Normal Blood Sugar

Normal blood glucose levels usually register between 70 and 150 mg. The blood sugar level either below or above the range is considered as abnormal.

If the level of sugar in your blood is over 160 mg, then you fall in the category of hyperglycemic, also known as having high blood sugar. If you have persistent high sugar, then you may become prone to diabetes which can lead to serious organ damage to your eyes, kidneys and other organs.

There are number of tests available to check for glucose levels.

1) The "fasting blood sugar" test analyzes glucose levels after a fast ideally 8 hours long. This is why most people take this test in the morning before taking any food. If the test results fall between 70 and 99, the patient is declared as normal.

2) The 2 hour postprandial blood sugar test analyzes glucose levels exactly two hours after the intake of calories. The normal blood glucose level should fall between 70 and 99.

3) Random blood glucose testing checks blood sugar levels through out day – irrespective of food consumption, sleep, activity, or any kind of exercise. The normal blood glucose for this test is ranged between 70 and 135.

4) The glucose tolerance test is done and in this the patient intakes liquid mostly made up of glucose. The purpose of the test is to watch the blood's reaction immediately after the intake of a high amount of sugar.

Diabetes Normal Blood Sugar

Diabetes is usually unearths because of the inefficiency of insulin. They are usually witnessed in the age group of 40+. Due to aging and other factors, type 2 diabetes hits our body. It is basically a genetic disorder and can be easily transferred through generations. In order to keep a check of blood sugar levels for diabetics, you should take up some natural precautions.

Lots of Hispanics and African-Americans are the victims of this ailment. Approximately 90 percent of US people are facing this epidemic. Too much intake of junk foods and sweets are the key to this deadly disease. Even obesity is one of the cause of diabetes and vice versa. We should combat this fatal disease with natural arms. We can easily discard it by adopting healthy lifestyle and eating habits. It is essential to maintain normal blood sugar for diabetes.

Tips To Maintain Healthy Sugar Level Naturally 

As there are a few tips to keep a check on sugar level naturally, you should follow a strict diet regime also. Discarding harmful foods like sugar and fats can be extremely beneficial for your body. You can incorporate lots of green leafy vegetables and a good amount of fruits in you daily meal. High fiber foods like cereals and oat meal are also advised to maintain sugar levels naturally. Home cooked meal is the best for a diabetic. In order to treat and prevent diabetes naturally, you must cut down on junk food.

Exercising regularly can be one of the welcoming steps to maintain healthy sugar level naturally. Cardio workouts like running, swimming, hiking and walking generate sufficient metabolism in your body by providing lots of oxygen. You should perform them regularly and intake at least 10-12 glasses of water if you wish to live a disease free life.

Diabetes Blood Sugar High

High blood sugar symptoms pose a great risk to health and your daily activity.

Symptoms of high blood sugar may include:

  • You are always feeling short of energy and over-fatigued. There is the constant feeling of exhaustion, and its abnormally very frequent even if you're not doing any physical activity or hard work that much. This is because the body is unable to properly metabolize the glucose and utilized it in the form energy.
  • You feel constantly thirsty and feel a deep urge to take fluid. Diabetics lose more liquid as their bodies drain out the extra glucose through urine. This is an over-reaction of kidneys to high levels of glucose therefore, it is imperative to flush it out, and this compels you to urinate frequently which can be almost 5 or 10 times more than a person without diabetes.
  • You are eating equally as you have been earlier but surprisingly you keep losing weight. This is because of the insufficient amount of insulin available in the body to utilize glucose. This process will drastically cut down your weight.
  • You are having serious problems in concentration and are feeling unusually moody more often. This is because your blood sugar keep swinging erratic levels and this deprive your cells of the required fuel.
  • You are facing blurred visions problems which you may mistakenly assume to be sight problems. If you have unusual high blood sugar levels, this can also greatly affect your eye sight.

Diabetes Low Blood Sugar

Hypoglycemia is the condition that arises when blood sugar levels drops too low, generally as a result of intake of more insulin or a particular diabetic medication.

A "hypo" may result in sweating, shaking and feeling somewhat disoriented. Loss of co-ordination is noticed later along with irritability and confusion, usually when your sugar level drops to 60mg/dl.

Low blood sugar levels are witnessed when:
  • Excess of insulin has been administered
  • Intake of alcohol
  • during and after increased physical activity
  • on vacations when stress is cut down, activity increases and meal times become faulty
  • when mealtime is not regularized or skipped altogether
Signs of low blood sugar level are created by:
  • using adrenaline which may result in sweating, fast heart beat rate, irritation and excessive hunger
  • the effect of low blood sugars on the brain and other body parts, including fatigue, shaky concentrating, giddiness, slurred speech, irritation, poor judgment, vision troubles, and yawning

Check your glucose level as soon as you notice you may be low, or someone around you notice this. The faster you respond the better it is for your health.


  • Consume 15 to 20 grams of fast-acting carbohydrates immediately, e.g. glucose powder, tablets, jelly beans of smarties. This curbs the release of stress hormones. Candy bars and cookies are not that quick enough and if you eat large quantity, they cause high blood sugar levels.
  • Depending on your due next meal, you need to know what type of complex carbohydrates or protein is needed to keep you normal. Crackers and cheese, bread with peanut butter, or apple with cheese, may be the right source of carbohydrates and protein to work fast.
  • Test your level after half an hour to make sure it has reached the normal range. You can repeat the same process if the blood sugar has not come to normal.  
  • Rest for 45 to 60 minutes prior to driving or operating machinery


For serious hypoglycemia glucagon injection may be the best treatment. It is the fastest way to raise your blood sugars level but it needs to be administered under the supervision of some trained practitioner to mix it and inject it at the time it is needed.

Diabetes Blood Sugar Chart

Living with diabetes is not that tough, but it needs adherence to exercise and planned diet, as well as keeping a record of one's blood sugar level on daily basis in the shape of a diabetes blood sugar chart.

The blood sugar chart is used to keep a data of the food you consumed, insulin administered, activities, medication, feelings or stress and the amounts of carbohydrates and blood glucose consumed in a particular day. It acts as a handy guide to help you recognize which day and time (if any) problems occur. The more details or comments you can retain on your chart pertaining to the above factors the better it is. It will enable to reduce the risk of having any associated problems with diabetes. This chart is easily available with your health care provider or there are several websites where you can download one, free of cost.

Diabetes Blood Sugar Meter

If you are a diabetic, keeping track of your glucose levels using a blood glucose meter is quite necessary to maintain your blood sugar level and living life to its fullest.

Who Should Test

While each person's individual situation is unique, there are some general guidelines that many physicians may advice for their patients in terms of monitoring their levels of glucose. Generally, patients who are already insulin-dependent should test and record their blood glucose level before every meal and before retiring to bed at night.

Type II diabetics who control their sugar level by dieting, exercising or taking oral medication may yet be suggested by their medical practitioner to test their blood glucose level twice regularly, generally before breakfast and dinner, in order to maintain and confirm stability of their sugar levels.

How to Test

Testing with a blood glucose meter is quite easy. You will use a lancet (which is a sterile piece of metal covered with plastic having a twist off cap) to prick your finger to get a tiny drop of blood. A few meters are so delicate that you can test on your other body parts instead of the fingertip.
The blood droplet is then placed on a test strip which is placed in the meter. A digital screen will flash the reading of your blood sugar level.

Paying for Your Equipment

Most insurance policies cover the cost of a blood glucose meter and the allied testing supplies that is required, i.e. sterile lancets and testing strips. Medicare and Medicaid generally pay for this equipment also. Many companies offer a free or low cost meter to those patients who want to try their product. Check your insurance policy to ascertain if you qualify for reimbursement of a blood glucose meter.