Teen pregnancy is a vital issue. There are health risks both for the baby and the teenage mothers. They are more likely to suffer health, emotional and social problems.
Teen pregnancy rates in the US has reduced from 1991 to 2005 i.e, from 60 per 1000 teens in 1991 to 40.5 per 1000 in 2005. Almost one-third of young women in the United States become pregnant in their teens. More than 80% of teen pregnancies are uncalled-for.
The most significant reduction in teen pregnancy, i.e. 23% has occurred among African American teenagers of late.
Still, teenage pregnancy rates remain high and almost 1 million teenage girls become pregnant every year in the US. To curb teen pregnancy rates, older children must be educated about sex and the aftermaths of pregnancy.
A baby inside a woman's womb entirely depends on the mother. A baby born to a teenage mother is more likely at risk compare to a baby born to a grown woman.
A teenage mother may face special problems, physically and emotionally
Many teens try drugs, alcohol, or tobacco but these substances is not safe as well as legal. Some teens try such substances only a limited times and stop. Others may not control their urges or yearn for them. This is substance abuse.
Teens use alcohol and drugs for various reasons. They may do it to appear to be a befitting in circle of friends or certain groups. They may take a drug or drink alcohol because they like the afterwards feeling of ecstasy. Or they may think that it makes them grown up.
Teens with similar drug abuse problems are more likely to have serious substance abuse problems. Also, teens with a feeling that they are not connected to or valued by their parents are more prone to drug abuse. Teens with low self-esteem or mental or emotional health problems i.e. depression are at high risk.
Problems caused by teen substance abuse
Substance abuse can lead to major problems such as poor performance at school, loss of friends, problems at home, and long legal problems. Alcohol and drug abuse can also lead to teen death or injury in terms of car accidents, violence, suicides and drowning. Substance abuse can augment the likelihood of pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), including HIV as a result of unprotected sex.
Even reckless use of certain drugs can lead to severe medical problems, like overdose or brain damage.
Signs of substance abuse
Some of the signs include:
Talking openly and sincerely with your teen and maintaining a healthy and cozy home life can prevent your teen from alcohol and drugs abuse.
Using these tips may help:
Abuse of alcohol and other drugs is a vital threat to the health and future of teenagers. According to a survey of high school students conducted by U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC):
Of late teen substance use rates has dropped steeply but it is still a major factor of injury and death in teens.
Family, personal and society factors increase a teen's risk for using substances and consequently developing a substance abuse problem.
Efforts to prevent teen substance abuse should start early in a child's life by offering his drug education, encouragement of healthy demeanors, and good family interaction.
Basking in the glory of positive self-esteem, supportive family background, and positive role models and learning interactions and problem-solving attitudes all help teens gather confidence to make right choices.
Following methods can be helpful:
Tips for Healthy LivingDon’t OvereatEat the balanced amount of food satisfying your hunger. Eat Plenty of Vegetables and FruitsFruits and vegetables are rich in vitamins, fiber, and minerals. Plan to add them into your meals. Drink Sufficient WaterBody needs water to prevent dehydration and to dispose of waste and toxins. Water is the best cleansing method.Don’t Poison Your Body with Drugs and AlcoholWhile cigarettes may act as a soothing agent but they are doing long terms damage to your body. It may lead to lung cancer or emphysema.Alcohol is yet another pollutant that must be rejected out rightly. Too much alcohol may ruin your health and weight.Hit the GymYou must plan a workout routine and follow the same! Get Physically Examined AnnuallyIt is imperative to have a family doctor or access to a clinic. Schedule an annual appointment with your doctor for a physical examination.
To manage a teen nutrition can be quite tough for a parent.
Teens spend most of the time out of the house and make choices for themselves. Teens just have a nature to migrate toward junk.
There are some ways applying which you can make a difference in your teen's overall health:
Don’t buy Junk
Stop buying junk and sugary drinks. Shop smart and buy nutritious foods only that are easily available for snacks.
Let you Child Accompany You in Shopping
Teach them about the better foods and explain them why. Your teaching will help them live longer and healthy.
Let them see the benefits
Don't forget to explain them what is the right thing to follow. Studies show that teens heed to what their parents say, and a parents’ teaching is more influential than their friends’.
Teen Health Risks
These topics you must discuss with your child:
Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs): Teens are curious about sex and have little knowledge what STDs are and how are they transmitted. Your children might not heard everything important and only know what they feel comfortable knowing.
Alcohol and Drug Use: You need to talk to your teen about this issue and explain them the risks.
Tattoo and Body Piercing Risks: If they are so eager you should go with them. Find a clean and well-spoken tattoo or piercing parlor and go with them. It will assure you of their safety.
Counseling: Make them know that depression sometimes happens to everyone, and if they don't feel comfortable with you, you can go to a counselor.
It has been stated that between 15% and 33% of teens in the US are overweight. The increase in overweight has also enhanced the number of teens being detected with hypertension, diabetes, high cholesterol, and other physical troubles.
Obesity is termed as a body weight approximately at 10% upper end than recommended. The vital contributing factors to teen obesity include:
Lack of exercise
Low self esteem
Wrong eating and nutritional habits
Treatment of obesity in teens may have variety of options e.g. medications to surgery.
While bariatric surgery may offer physical benefits and respite to weight-loss efforts for teenagers, such methods must be combined with counseling, education and support to be successful.
According to a National Sleep Foundation statement, 30% of children under the age of five do not receive required hours of sleep. The downfalls of sleep deprived children may be:
1. Lack of sleep causes memory trouble. When a child is sleepy throughout the concentration level drops and this is displayed in the form of poor school and performance level.
2. Lack of sleep causes behavioral issues. Psychologists believe that inadequate sleep effects behavior also in children.
How Much Sleep is Enough: It is quite tricky a question “how much sleep does a child need anyway'.Every individual child has a different requirement of sleep. On an average preschool age children needs 11-13 hours daily sleep, five to twelve years old child needs 10-11 hours and teenagers may need 9-10 hours of bedtime.
Everyone needs sufficient amounts of sleep throughout a twenty-four hour time. Children especially need adequate rest to develop both physically and emotionally.