Child And Teen Health

Teen Pregnancy Health

Teen pregnancy is a vital issue. There are health risks both for the baby and the teenage mothers. They are more likely to suffer health, emotional and social problems.
Teen pregnancy rates in the US has reduced from 1991 to 2005 i.e, from 60 per 1000 teens in 1991 to 40.5 per 1000 in 2005. Almost one-third of young women in the United States become pregnant in their teens. More than 80% of teen pregnancies are uncalled-for.
The most significant reduction in teen pregnancy, i.e. 23% has occurred among African American teenagers of late.
Still, teenage pregnancy rates remain high and almost 1 million teenage girls become pregnant every year in the US. To curb teen pregnancy rates, older children must be educated about sex and the aftermaths of pregnancy.

Other Results of Teenage Pregnancy

  • Less annual income for the mother is somewhere associated with teenage births. 80% of teenage mother has to rely on welfare at some point.
  • In the US, the annual cost of teen pregnancies spanning from lost tax revenues, public help, health care, foster care, and criminal justice system assistance is said to be about $7 billion.
  • Teenage pregnancies are related with augmented rates of substance and alcohol abuse, lower educational status, and reduced earning capacity in teen fathers.
  • Teenage mothers are often the drop outs of school. Only one-third of teen mothers earn a high school diploma.

Pregnancy Health

Health Risks to the baby

A baby inside a woman's womb entirely depends on the mother. A baby born to a teenage mother is more likely at risk compare to a baby born to a grown woman.

  • 9% of teen girls give birth to a under weight babies (under 5.5 pounds)
  • Such babies often have not fully grown organs which can lead to lung problems such as bleeding in the brain or respiratory distress syndrome.
  • Low birth-weight babies are 40% more likely to die in their first month than normal babies.
  • Such babies may have not fully grown organ systems (lungs, brain, and heart), that leads to trouble in controlling body temperature and blood sugar levels, along with mental retardation.
Health Risks to a Teenage mother

A teenage mother may face special problems, physically and emotionally  

  • The death rate, due to pregnancy complications, is higher for under 15 teenage girls than among older teenagers
  • Teenage mothers are most likely to getting high blood pressure, anemia, hypertension and placental issues
  • Pregnant teenagers are often undernourished and prolonged or suffer premature labor
  • Teenage pregnant girls with STI's or HIV can transfer complications on to her baby after birth
  • Teenage girls are tend to develop emotional glitches e.g. depression, guilt, shame, and stress
  • Seven out of ten teenage girls do not get prenatal care in the first 3 months of their pregnancy
  • Poor weight gain, premature labor and other associated problems can risk the teenage mothers
Teen substance abuse

Many teens try drugs, alcohol, or tobacco but these substances is not safe as well as legal. Some teens try such substances only a limited times and stop. Others may not control their urges or yearn for them. This is substance abuse.

Why do teens abuse drugs and alcohol?

Teens use alcohol and drugs for various reasons. They may do it to appear to be a befitting in circle of friends or certain groups. They may take a drug or drink alcohol because they like the afterwards feeling of ecstasy. Or they may think that it makes them grown up.
Teens with similar drug abuse problems are more likely to have serious substance abuse problems. Also, teens with a feeling that they are not connected to or valued by their parents are more prone to drug abuse. Teens with low self-esteem or mental or emotional health problems i.e. depression are at high risk.

Problems caused by teen substance abuse
Substance abuse can lead to major problems such as poor performance at school, loss of friends, problems at home, and long legal problems. Alcohol and drug abuse can also lead to teen death or injury in terms of car accidents, violence, suicides and drowning. Substance abuse can augment the likelihood of pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), including HIV as a result of unprotected sex.
Even reckless use of certain drugs can lead to severe medical problems, like overdose or brain damage.

Signs of substance abuse
Some of the signs include:

  • Red eyes and health complications, such as fatigue
  • Loss of interest in school, a drop in performance, and skipping classes or school.
  • New friends who have less interest in school activities or in their families.
  • Chemical-soaked papers or rag that is a sign that you’re teen is inhaling vapors.

Preventive Measures

Talking openly and sincerely with your teen and maintaining a healthy and cozy home life can prevent your teen from alcohol and drugs abuse.
Using these tips may help:

  • Talk to your child about what is your expectation about his or her behavior toward alcohol and other drugs. If your teen believes you will not mind substance use, he or she is at high risk to try drugs or alcohol.
  • Keep your teen engaged in meaningful activities, such as church programs, sports, or other group activities.
  • Ask your teen to follow the household rules. Set reasonable penalties for wrong behavior, and strictly carry them out.
  • Have a good talk with your teen. Praise your teen for every little thing he or she does well.
  • Know your child’s circle. Having friends who avoid cigarettes, drugs and alcohol may be your teen’s best safe guard from substance abuse.

Teen Health Alcohol

Facts About Teen Drug and Alcohol Abuse

Abuse of alcohol and other drugs is a vital threat to the health and future of teenagers. According to a survey of high school students conducted by U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC):

  • About 10% of teens smoke cigarettes frequently. Tobacco use has severe long-term health hazards and is seriously addictive. A teen using tobacco for 1 year is more prone to almost 80% chance of becoming addict to it.
  • Almost 75% of high school students have tested alcohol. About 28% of teens have had a recent incident of heavy drinking. Drinking also decreases inhibitions, which results the teens to have unprotected sex, increasing the chance of unwanted pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases and infection.
  • About 40% of teens have tasted marijuana one or more occasions. 22% of teens use marijuana. Marijuana can decrease memory, problem-solving, and learning. It can also cause mood swings, anxiety, and depression.
  • About 9% of teens have tasted cocaine, while 4% use it currently. It is especially cancerous as it can cause abnormal heartbeats, and often results in a life-threatening heart attack or stroke.

Of late teen substance use rates has dropped steeply but it is still a major factor of injury and death in teens.

Why Some Teens Abuse Alcohol and Drugs

Family, personal and society factors increase a teen's risk for using substances and consequently developing a substance abuse problem.

Prevention Strategies

Efforts to prevent teen substance abuse should start early in a child's life by offering his drug education, encouragement of healthy demeanors, and good family interaction.
Basking in the glory of positive self-esteem, supportive family background, and positive role models and learning interactions and problem-solving attitudes all help teens gather confidence to make right choices.
Following methods can be helpful:

  • Be a role model. As a parent, your viewpoint toward alcohol and drugs is one of the greatest deciding factors on whether your child will incline towards cigarettes, drugs, or alcohol. Establishing a precedent of good role model is a best way to depict your child and teen how to act with grace.
  • Stay connected. Staying attached may be not easy during the teen years, because teens usually want privacy and independence. Provide sufficient supervision; know your teen's friend circle. Make your teen realize that he or she is valued by the family and they makes the family complete.
  • Encourage activities. Keep your teen busy and involved emotionally with meaty and plausible activities, Teens who feel good about themselves are generally not inclined to use alcohol and drugs
  • Share your beliefs. Children are eager to know their parents believe about issues that are significant. Most children are greatly influenced by their parents’ instructions. Talk with your teen about the adverse effects of substances on physical, emotional development, school performance, and health as well.
  • Be fair and consistent. Set reasonable consequences for exceptional behavior and consistently follow them. Cheer your teen for his or her accomplishments, and encourage your teen to follow the household rules.
  • Get informed. Find out how the drugs function, what their area names are, what the symptoms of being under the influence are, what signals overdose and what action to take.

Teen Health Clinic

Tips for Healthy LivingDon’t OvereatEat the balanced amount of food satisfying your hunger. Eat Plenty of Vegetables and FruitsFruits and vegetables are rich in vitamins, fiber, and minerals. Plan to add them into your meals. Drink Sufficient WaterBody needs water to prevent dehydration and to dispose of waste and toxins. Water is the best cleansing method.Don’t Poison Your Body with Drugs and AlcoholWhile cigarettes may act as a soothing agent but they are doing long terms damage to your body. It may lead to lung cancer or emphysema.Alcohol is yet another pollutant that must be rejected out rightly. Too much alcohol may ruin your health and weight.Hit the GymYou must plan a workout routine and follow the same! Get Physically Examined AnnuallyIt is imperative to have a family doctor or access to a clinic. Schedule an annual appointment with your doctor for a physical examination.

Teen Health Nutrition

To manage a teen nutrition can be quite tough for a parent.
Teens spend most of the time out of the house and make choices for themselves. Teens just have a nature to migrate toward junk.
There are some ways applying which you can make a difference in your teen's overall health:
Don’t buy Junk
Stop buying junk and sugary drinks. Shop smart and buy nutritious foods only that are easily available for snacks.
Let you Child Accompany You in Shopping
Teach them about the better foods and explain them why. Your teaching will help them live longer and healthy.
Let them see the benefits
Don't forget to explain them what is the right thing to follow. Studies show that teens heed to what their parents say, and a parents’ teaching is more influential than their friends’.
Teen Health Risks
These topics you must discuss with your child:
Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs): Teens are curious about sex and have little knowledge what STDs are and how are they transmitted. Your children might not heard everything important and only know what they feel comfortable knowing.
Alcohol and Drug Use: You need to talk to your teen about this issue and explain them the risks.
Tattoo and Body Piercing Risks: If they are so eager you should go with them. Find a clean and well-spoken tattoo or piercing parlor and go with them. It will assure you of their safety.
Counseling: Make them know that depression sometimes happens to everyone, and if they don't feel comfortable with you, you can go to a counselor.

Child and Teen Obesity

It has been stated that between 15% and 33% of teens in the US are overweight. The increase in overweight has also enhanced the number of teens being detected with hypertension, diabetes, high cholesterol, and other physical troubles.
Obesity is termed as a body weight approximately at 10% upper end than recommended. The vital contributing factors to teen obesity include:
Lack of exercise
Low self esteem
Wrong eating and nutritional habits

Treatment of Obesity in Teens

Treatment of obesity in teens may have variety of options e.g. medications to surgery.
While bariatric surgery may offer physical benefits and respite to weight-loss efforts for teenagers, such methods must be combined with counseling, education and support to be successful.

Teen Health Sleep

According to a National Sleep Foundation statement, 30% of children under the age of five do not receive required hours of sleep. The downfalls of sleep deprived children may be:
1. Lack of sleep causes memory trouble. When a child is sleepy throughout the concentration level drops and this is displayed in the form of poor school and performance level.
2. Lack of sleep causes behavioral issues. Psychologists believe that inadequate sleep effects behavior also in children.
How Much Sleep is Enough: It is quite tricky a question “how much sleep does a child need anyway'.Every individual child has a different requirement of sleep. On an average preschool age children needs 11-13 hours daily sleep, five to twelve years old child needs 10-11 hours and teenagers may need 9-10 hours of bedtime.
Everyone needs sufficient amounts of sleep throughout a twenty-four hour time. Children especially need adequate rest to develop both physically and emotionally.