The barometer of a nation's health is the health of its children. In all cultures that abound in the world it is believed and truly so, that children are a gift from God. The responsibility of their child health care, health and upbringing rests with their adult caregivers.
The health issues and needs of children are different from adults and hence specialist doctors, the pediatricians and their associated care providers exist solely to cater to this small but important group.
The health of a child is also the government's responsibility and to give it its due, it performs admirably in providing health resources to these citizens of tomorrow.
The Discipline of Pediatrics and Child Health is a place of study and research within a medical school or a hospital. The various branches of child health are studied and students are exposed to neonatology, Pediatric General Medicine, Pediatric Surgery, Adolescent Medicine, Community child health, Emergency Pediatric Care and others. In an hospital they provide inpatient and outpatient services and interns gain service experience.
Child health associates are often a pediatric group practice providing exclusive service to infants, children and adolescents. Staffed with professionals in various disciplines of child health, a social worker, and experienced pediatric nurse practitioners, they cover the entire range of childhood illnesses. Usually they treat children from infancy to adolescence, thus establishing a firm and strong relationship with families. This bond helps in providing timely care and also helping prevent certain conditions due to prior knowledge.
Various research institutes around the world are engaged in cutting edge research in children's diseases and conditions, affordable drugs and medication for children in poor countries, immunizations and developing preventive measures to make a child's life and health stress free. Most of the research is collated and analyzed and used in everyday treatment of children.
For example diarrhoea is a major cause of death among children in most developing countries. Research led to the formulation of the Oral Rehydration Salts, which proved to be a cost-effective solution. Continuing research and training of health care workers has resulted in lessening of the severity of the disease and diarrhoea deaths have been reduced from 4.6 million to 1.3 million a year.
Child health Plus is New York State's health insurance plan that helps children access medical care on a continuing basis rather than when they are sick. Child health Plus is an affordable option, open to all children residing in NY State. Depending on the gross income of the family a small monthly contribution is required to enroll in the program.
No co-payments are required to receive the services. Child health Plus provides an excellent platform for children to access health care at all times in the form of routine check-ups. They provide child and emergency service, inpatient and outpatient services, x-rays and lab services, dental and vision care, immunization and even emergency transportation to the hospital. The child can also receive health care through school health practitioners at selected schools.
The Child Health Bureau was established in 1912 and the MCHB is part of the Health Resource and Service Administration, US Department of Health and Human Services. Its main and prime goal is to provide the best health care to mothers and children.
Maternal and Child Health Bureau (MCHB) works with private and public institutions to provide pre-natal and post-natal care to infants and mothers. Their programs include infant, child and adolescence care, Immunizations, oral health and health of mothers. Maternal and Child Health Bureau (MCHB) is also responsible for implementing various federal initiatives concerning mother and child health.
The child health resource center is an offshoot of the MCHB and is funded by the MCHB's office of Data and Program development. Child Health Information Resource Center primary aim is to help MCH practitioners working at federal, state and local levels to improvise and improve their performance levels by using research data and new techniques for optimum levels of care. They also plan and formulate policy. The programs also include Graduate Studies Internship Program, Child health, women's health and technical assistance.
To obtain complete insight in your child's health and various preventive measures to reduce a child's stress levels, the best resource is the child's pediatrician. If you have no plans of moving it is in the child's best interest to utilize the services of a single specialist.
As the child grows the same doctor is aware of the child's problems and best suited to provide care. The pediatric nurse will usually provide all necessary information about health care. There are any numbers of books written by doctors and they cover nearly all complications that may arise in the care of a child.
It is a good idea to invest in one of these books beforehand and be abreast of any problem. The last and foolproof source is ofcourse the Net. The amount of information available is sufficient for concerned mothers to gain an understanding of their child's health. Forums where you can pose a question and receive expert answers are a boon to the caregivers.