Cervical Cancer

 

Cervical Cancer Awareness Month & Ribbon
Month January
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Cervical Cancer is the disease that initiates in the cervix of women. Cervix is the inferior fine closing of the uterus that unites the vagina to the superior part of the uterus. All diseases are not deadly but Cervical Cancer is one such type of disease which mandates immediate attention and cure.

Signs & Symptoms

Usually Cervical Cancer has no symptoms. How do you know if you are Cervical Cancer patient!? Do not worry! The below mentioned Signs & Symptoms would make you aware of this disease:

 

Signs
  • Abnormal bleeding of the vagina between periods, after intercourse or post menopause
  • Continuous vaginal discharge that may be whitish, watery, pink, brown, bloody or tainted-smelling
  • Heavy periods that last longer than usual periods
Symptoms

Chances are likely that this disease spreads through the bladder, intestines, lungs and liver. Although there are no major complications noted until the cancer is at an advanced stage. Symptoms of Cervical Cancer include the following:

  • Persistent back pain
  • Fractures or bone-pains
  • Urine leakage
  • Tiredness
  • Decrease in appetite
  • Pelvic pain
  • Swollen one leg
  • Weight reduction

Treatment

Cervical Cancer can be treated with the following steps;

  • Hysterectomy surgery and the amputation of pelvic lymph nodes with or without the elimination of right and left ovary and the fallopian tubes.
  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiation therapy

The treatment for Cervical Cancer depends on how much the cancer has advanced and the treatment is given accordingly. It is not necessary that only one treatment for this disease is given. The patient might have to undergo a combination of treatments.

Causes

Human Papillomavirus or HPV is the culprit causing Cervical Cancer. This virus is transmitted by having sexual contact with someone who is the prior owner of this disease. Although there are numerous types of HPV Virus, not all types really lead to cervical cancer. Most people have HPV Virus in them for years unaware of its existence. This makes mandatory for women to undergo Pap test to detect any changes incurred before they take the form of cancer.

Tests & Procedures

Tests
  • Chest X-Ray
  • CT scan of pelvis
  • Cystoscopy
  • Intravenous Pyelogram (IVP)
  • MRI of pelvis
Procedures

Cervical Cancer virus cannot be detected with naked eye. Special tests and tools are required to detect this disease. Women have to undergo the following tests and its procedures;

  • Pap smears to detect precancers and cancer but this does not form the final diagnosis
  • Colposcopy, in which few stances of tissues are biopsied for examination
  • Cone Biopsy is also one procedure for cervical cancer.

Preventive Measures

The following measures can be accepted to avoid cervical cancer;

  • Get Gardasil and Cervarix HPV vaccines
  • Practice of safe intercourse
  • Limitation on number of sexual partners one has
  • To get regular Pap smears done
  • Reduce smoking

Treatment Cost

The early-stage cervical cancer treatment averages $20,225 whilst the advanced stage cancer would cost you around $36,912.

Side Effects

The side-effects of treating cervical cancer through various treatments include;

  • Nausea
  • Difference in taste
  • Constipation
  • Hearing loss
  • Peripheral Neuropathy
  • Skin reactions
  • Tiredness
  • Diarrhea
  • Cystitis
  • Rectal bleeding
  • Loss of fertility
  • Vaginal stenosis
  • Menopausal symptoms
  • Musculoskeletal damage
  • Dryness in vagina
  • Loss of public hair on skin and erythema

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