Candidiasis

The name we commonly refer Candidiasis by is thrush and it is a type of fungal infection in human beings. More specifically, it is an infection caused by a type of yeast called Candida. While there are many varieties of thrush, the most common ones are the oral infections of the mouth, skin and vagina. Although the most common variety of Candidiasis is not fatal, there are indeed some varieties which pose a threat to life.

Since Candidiasis is a localized infection, its symptoms also depend upon the area infected. Generally, thrush is associated with irritation, itching, redness and puffiness of the skin or the affected area. It can show up as a whitish or reddish area depending on whether the infected area is in the mouth or at other places of the body. Itching sensations are frequently observed with infections of the genitals in either man or woman. The symptoms are almost the same in the case of internal as well as external infection.

Candida albicans is the genus of yeast generally associated with Candidiasis in humans and remains the primary cause. It is interesting to note that the microorganisms causing the infection reside on the skin of a normal human being at any point of his life. The infection is not triggered because the body’s immunity system keeps the yeast from thriving on the moisture on the skin. Thus, the best prevention strategy would be to make sure that all the areas of your body are well aerated and dry.

The diagnosis of Candidiasis involves a culturing process and then microscopic study. The treatment of the disease involves external application of antifungal drugs like clotrimazole and fluconazole. There are different drugs for the treatment of different types of Candidiasis, like for the treatment of vaginal yeast infection one-time dosage of fluconazole is sufficient to destroy 90% of the yeast causing the infection.

Although Candidiasis is not associated with death in most cases, if the infection remains untreated and develops into a critical situation like in the case of systemic Candidiasis, the mortality rate rises to more than 30%.