Asbestosis is a kind of respiratory disorder which unearths by inhaling asbestos fibers. Prolonged conglomeration of these fibers in your lungs can lead to scars in lung tissue and breathe shortness. Asbestosis symptoms can span from slight to severe, and generally don't get noticed until years after exposure.
The effects of protracted exposure to asbestos basically don't come up for as long as 20-30 years and sometimes even longer. Once exposure to asbestos is withdrawn, however, the fibrosis stops developing in most of the cases
Inhaling asbestos fibers can cause scar in the tissues inside the lung. Scarred lung tissue normally does not stretch and contract and cannot perform gas exchange.
The seriousness of the disease is based on how long the individual was exposed to asbestos fibers and the quantity inhaled.
Asbestos exposure takes place in mining and milling sectors, fireproofing, construction, and some other industries. In families of asbestos employees, exposure can also cause from pieces traveled home on the worker's clothing.
Cigarette smoking catapults the risk of developing the disease.
Some asbestosis symptoms include:
Albeit most of these signs are identical to several other breathing disorders, like asthma, the process in which they develop is entirely different. In asbestosis the effects of the ailment surfaces over months and years.
Asbestosis may offer some other complications, such as an enlarged heart and pulmonary disorder. Club-shaped fingers commonly occur.
The patient’s family and medical history may divulge professional, family, or other types of exposure to asbestos fibers. A physical exam reveals characteristic, dry scars at the bases of the lungs. An arterial blood gas test divulges a decreased oxygen level and a low carbon dioxide quantity. Finally, a chest X-ray and pulmonary function examinations enable diagnosis of this disease.
The doctor may hear a crackling sound while examining the patient through his stethoscope (auscultation).
These tests may enable to identify the disease:
There is no cure treatment available till now. Preventing further exposure to asbestos is the only remedy and is quite essential also. To ease symptoms, chest percussion, postural flush out, and vibration can enable remove secretions out of the lungs.
The doctor may suggest aerosol drugs to ease secretions. People with this condition may require breathing by wearing mask or by a plastic piece fitting the nostrils. Certain patients may undergo lung transplantation.
This disease is incurable. The objective of treatment is to alleviate respiratory systems, in advanced stage of the disease, to control the complexities.
Prevention of asbestos in the workplace is the most effective way to prevent asbestosis. Cessation of any more exposure to asbestos once the asbestosis is identified is imperative as further exposure to asbestos will increases the frequency of progression. However, the disease may develop even after cessation of exposure. Other preventive steps may include:
Consult a pulmonologist to examine the need for long-term oxygen system and for the handling of advanced cases and complications. If patients smoke, advise them to go to a smoking cessation clinic. Because of the susceptibility of bronchogenic carcinoma, take advice of a thoracic surgeon if a solitary pulmonary nodule is detected in a patient with asbestosis. Offer hospital referral (if possible, at home) when the ailment reaches the terminal stage.