Anthrax is an infectious disease caused by a strain of microbe called as Bacillus anthracis. It is a rare infection that affects both humans and animals. Anthrax spores that lives in soil affects animals, when they eat plants that grows in soil and it can be transmitted to people who handle infected animals skin or products.


Symptoms of Anthrax infectious disease depends on mode of transmission. It has been classified into three types:-

Cutaneous Anthrax

This type of anthrax is transmitted into the body through skin or mucous membranes. Sore becomes itchy at infected region which looks like an insect bite. With the prompt treatment cutaneous anthrax can be cured. Symptoms may include:-

  • Swelling and itching at sore region.
  • Painless sore that appears after blisters
  • Blisters or bumps.
  • Headache
  • Nausea
  • Swollen Lymph nodes

Gastrointestinal Anthrax

Gastrointestinal anthrax infection is transmitted when people eat food that has been contaminated with anthrax spores. If the infection is untreated, it may spread to rest of the body. Most common symptoms of gastrointestinal anthrax include:-

  • Nausea
  • Headache
  • Loss of appetite
  • Abdominal Pain
  • Bloody diarrhea
  • Swollen Lymph nodes

Inhalation Anthrax

This form of anthrax infection is developed within a week after exposure. Inhalation Anthrax occurs when you inhale anthrax spores and it affects respiratory organs of your body. Symptoms include:-

  • Flu-like symptoms
  • High Fever
  • Breathing Difficulty
  • Sore throat
  • Muscle Aches
  • Dry Cough
  • Fatigue
  • Shivering and Chills
  • Nausea


Anthrax disease is more common in hoofed animals such as sheep, goat and cattle because they get infected with anthrax spores when they eat plants that grow in the soil. You get infected with anthrax infection when you expose to bacteria called 'Bacillus anthracis'. Anthrax can be transmitted to humans via two ways. This includes animals and biological weapon.

Risk Factors of Anthrax

The risk of anthrax infection increases, if you:

  • Work in laboratory to discover anthrax causes and treatment.
  • Handle animal’s skin or products
  • Work in Veterinary hospitals
  • Are in the military and work in the areas where the exposure of anthrax is high.


Doctor suggests you to undergo the following tests to detect anthrax disease after physical examination. This includes,

  • Skin Tests
  • Blood Tests
  • X-ray and CT scan
  • Endoscopy
  • Spinal Tap
  • Stool Samples

Doctor will send your blood samples to special laboratory for confirmation, if he detects anthrax disease in your body.


Treatment of anthrax disease depends on type of transmission and symptoms. Most commonly, antibiotics are used to treat anthrax infection. If symptoms progress gradually, effective antibiotics are given to a patient based on type of anthrax, age of a patient, physical condition and other factors. Inhalation anthrax may not respond to any kind of antibiotics if it is progressive stage. Hence, it is better to seek a doctor immediately, if you experience anthrax symptoms.


Antibiotics such as Ciprofloxacin, doxycycline and levofloxacin are given to children and adults to prevent anthrax disease. Here we offer you few precautions to prevent anthrax infectious disease:-

  • Keep infected animals away from you
  • Don't use infected animals products or skin
  • Take Anthrax vaccine.
  • Don't travel and stay in the areas where anthrax exposure is high.