Allergy is the malfunction of the human immune system causing an elevated response to a normally harmless substance. The allergic response of the body to this allergen can exhibit itself as sneezing, couch, rashes on the skin, stuffy nose, headache and irritation to the nose, eyes, ears and throat. In some severe cases of anaphylaxis, allergy can even lead to paralysis or death.
The treatment of allergy begins with determining the causative substance for the allergic reaction. Allergy can be treated by medications, avoidance, natural method and immunotherapy.
Anti histamine drugs are most commonly used to treat allergy related symptoms. Other allopathic drugs like steroids, cromogylate and decongestant are also used to treat allergy. Homoeopathic and ayurvedic medicines are also found to b e effective against allergy.
This method is used to desensitize the person to the particular allergen by injecting increasing doses of allergen or anti Ig E antibody at a specific interval.
Many natural herbs and fruits are used to relieve allergy. Aloe Vere, tulsi, neem, onion, garlic and ginger are found to help during allergic outbreak. Yoga and meditation can also decrease the symptoms of many respiratory allergies and skin allergies.
The allergic reaction can be best treated by avoiding contact with the causative allergen. It is not always possible to completely avoid a substance, in such a situation, it is recommended to minimize the contact a much as possible. The first step towards avoidance is identifying the allergen accurately. Avoidance of the allergen is also a step towards preventing the allergy rather than the treatment of the allergy.
If you are allergic to a food allergy to it is very easily preventable as you can observe complete stay away from that food if you are a bit determined. If you are allergic to wheat, stay away from it and try to substitute some other cereal in your diet, it is the easiest and least painful way out of allergy. Sometimes it is not the whole foods that act as allergen, certain protein in the food or flavor enhancers or additives added to the food can also act as the allergen. In such cases, the real cause of the allergic reaction should be determined by careful observations and food with that protein or chemical additive should be avoided.
It has been proved that breast feeding the infants for a longer period can prevent the onset of a number of allergies in the future. Introduction of solid food before six months can increase the risk of allergy. So it is always recommended that solid food or supplementary food should be introduced only after six month. On introducing supplementary food you should be careful to introduce single ingredient food and that too one at a time to limit the allergic reactions to a lot of food substance that may arise in the later stage of life.
Seasonal allergies are those which are only shown in a particular part o the year like spring, summer or fall. This allergy is triggered during the pollinating and flowering season and people suffer from allergy to pollen from different plant which may pollinate at different seasons. Though spring is the time when most of the trees and plants flower, grasses pollinate at summer and weeds at the fall. So each person may have their allergy at different season depending on which pollen exactly they are allergic to.
Pollen allergy is one of the major seasonal allergies that cause a variety of symptoms in a large number of people. The symptoms of the pollen allergy include respiratory difficulty, hay fever, wheezing and skin rashes. It is very difficult to prevent the pollen allergy and hay fever as pollen grains are found in large numbers in air during the season.
Many preventive steps can be taken to reduce the contact with pollen. Avoid going out or keeping the windows open early in the morning as it is the time when pollen s usually emitted. Always travel with windows closed at the season of pollination. Pollen allergy forecast can be available at many places, this can be used to plan your day, if the forecast says maximum pollen will be found on a day, avoid getting out of the house on that day. Try vacuuming the house every day to reduce the chance of pollen, vacuuming is not found to be very effective though it can help a little.
Dust mites, dust and pet dander are usually found in the household and high concentration of this allergen can trigger asthma. These allergens are difficult to avoid completely as they are taken in with every single breath of the allergen containing air. It is always recommended to clean the curtains, cushion and carpets at shorter intervals in household having anyone with asthma. Vacuuming can also reduce pet dander and dust mites present on the carpets and curtains. Many allergy control products are available like allergen resistant beddings and carpet wash which can help to control the allergen in the house hold. Tobacco smoking should also be prevented inside the house as it is one of the major causes of asthma and breathing problems.
Children are very much prone to allergy as their immune system is under development. Taking care of your child and what he eats can reduce a lot of allergy in their future life. Studies have suggested that breast feeding children for longer period can reduce the chance of allergy. Similarly limiting the intake of allergy causing foods and avoidance of smoking by breast feeding mother will also help. Solid food introduced at later stage of infancy that too one at a time will help to reduce asthma and other allergies in children. Giving your child a diet rich in vitamin C, A and E and diet rich in omega 3 fatty acid can help to fight a number of allergies by strengthening the immune system. Routine allergy shots in children can also help to reduce the development of allergy to many allergens.