Asthma is the chronic inflammatory disorder of the airways characterized by uneven and chronic symptoms. One of the most common forms of asthma is allergy induced asthma and pollen, dust, pet dander, road dust and cigarette smoke are some of the allergen responsible for this asthma. The occurrence of allergic asthma has increased over years as a result of increasing air pollution, contact with allergen at a smaller age and change in the climatic conditions.
Asthma may be caused due to genetic predisposition to the disease. People with a family history of asthma have a high risk to have the disease than people with little history. It is not only genetic factors that are found to cause the disease; certain environmental factors can also trigger the allergic asthma attack. Asthma may also be produced due to seasonal allergen like pollen, so you might have the asthma attack at a particular season like during spring. Some may be allergic to indoor or outdoor allergen like dust or dust mites and have chance for allergic asthma any time of the year.
Spring time is the season when most of the plants and trees flowers. During their flowering season, these plants and trees releases millions of pollen grain into the atmosphere which is can cause allergic response like asthma and hay fever in many people.
Asthma can be triggered by summer allergen, mainly pollen released from grasses. Summer is the time most of the grasses flowers and pollinate, and if a person is allergic to any one of the grass pollen which is found in abundance during summer he is likely to get an asthma attack. Timothy grass, blue grass and sweet vernal grass are some of the grasses which release pollen during summer.
Pollen is not only released during spring and summer, some species may release their pollen during fall season (many types of weed) and some during winter. So, seasonal allergy can occur in any form and during any of the season.
Many indoor and outdoor allergens like dust, molds, pet dander, road dust and cigarette smoke can also trigger an asthma attack. As they are present in the air we breathe every time of the year, there is a chance of asthma attack every now and then. And because these allergens are found in every bit and corner of the house and every place outside your house, it is difficult to avoid them completely.
Symptoms of asthma are not consistent and may vary from time to time and between individual. The most common, and severe symptoms of asthma includes breathing difficulty and wheezing. Other symptoms of asthma include sneezing, coughing, tight feeling in the throat, shortness of breath, stuffy and runny nose and watery eyes. Some people may suffer from unusual symptoms associated with asthma attack; these unusual symptoms include difficulty to sleep, anxiety, pneumonia and lack of concentration. Even the time of asthma attack vary between people; some may have high attack of asthma at night and some have it in the morning.
Asthma can be easily diagnosed by checking the breathing capacity of the person. People suspected of having asthma are required to take this breathing capacity test to diagnose the level of allergy. It is difficult to do this test in smaller children as they cannot be made to breathe deliberately for the test. And hence the history of asthma and allergy running in their family is carefully studied to know the possibility of asthma. Usually, allergy test are not conducted to diagnose asthma, but it may be used in cases to determine which antigen is really responsible the asthma attack and skin and blood test can help to diagnose the disease.
The basic and common method to avoid the attack of asthma is stay away from whichever allergen is causing the symptoms. Keeping the house clean, dry and free from allergen can indeed reduce frequency of the asthma attack. Yogic exercise and medication is found to help a lot in treating and preventing asthma. Nasal cleansing with saline using a nettipot has helped to reduce asthma and prevent the asthma attack in future. Homoeopathic treatments have been found to produce very good and amazing results in asthma treatment.
Asthma inhaler and asthma nebulizer can relieve the symptoms of allergic asthma in most of the cases. Steroids, antihistamines and decongestants can also help in treating the disease. But sometimes, theses treatment alone cannot relieve the symptoms and uneasiness of asthma. In such cases, combination therapy with higher dose of corticosteroids and leucotriene are used which can relieve even the most severe asthma attack.