Event Name : 73rd Venice Film Festival
Start Date:Wednesday, 31st Aug 2016
End Date :Saturday , 10th September 2016
Venue : United States, Canada
The Mostra Internazionale d'Arte Cinematografica in Italian, or the Venice Film Festival as known to most of us, is by far the oldest film festival in the world. The motion picture festival is held every September and is a part of the Venice Biennale. If we look back into the Venice Film Festival History, it is found that the Venice Film Festival was founded by Count Giuseppe Volpiin 1932. Since then, it takes place every year on the island of the Lido in Venice in late August or early September. The screenings of the films are held at the historic Palazzo del Cinema on the Lungomare Marconi.
The Venice Film Festival has four sections, namely, Venezia, Out of Competition, Orizzonti and Corto Cortissimo. The Venezia features 20 feature films that are in the competition while the Out of Competition is about showcasing some of the biggest films that were made that year. The Orizzonti aims at setting some new trends in cinema while the Corto Cortissimo is a competition for short films.
The principal award that is given away to the winner of the best film screened at the festival is Leone d'Oro (Golden Lion). The Coppa Volpi (Volpi Cup) is given away to the best actor and actress for their outstanding performances. Golden Osellas are presented to the winners in the categories of best director, best producer, screenwriting, and composing.
There are other awards as well that are presented to the winners in different categories.
If we trace back through the Venice Film Festival History, it is found that ever since the festival was established, it has upheld the values of cinema transcending all national boundaries.
When it first started, it featured "Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde", by Ruben Mamoulian. The first edition of the Venice Film Festival lacked the competitive spirit and only a second prize was awarded. However, from 1937, it gained momentum and was celebrated in the new Palazzo del Cinema (Cinema Palace). The festival has been always held here since then (except from 1940-48). The time period from 1938 was however crucial in the Venice Film Festival History as it faced political pressure of the Fascist regime.
The winners were decided by superior orders, a German film and an Italian one and not through the secular viewpoint of art. Before the war commenced, the Venice Film Festival from 1940-42 were not even held in Venice. In Venice Film Festival History, the editions of 1940-42 are considered never to have happened at all.
After the second world was over, the Venice Film Festival gained a new freedom of expression. The Neo-realist school of cinema reformed their perspective to a more realistic outlook and outshined the glossy artificiality of Hollywood cinema. This was the era of Rossellini, De Sica and visionaries like Fellini. The festival again took place in 1946, but 1947 was a golden year in the Venice Film Festival History when it was held in a wonderful environment and had a record public of 90,000 spectators. The International Jury was formed again this year. 1950 conferred on the festival great international prestige. In that year, Japanese and Indian cinemas were awarded.
The cinemas in 1960 opened up new horizons of different cinema schools. Italian cinema, at its best, got great satisfactions. It also went forward to win 4 consecutive editions from 1963 to 1966. The contestation of 1968 had a negative impact on the festival, as found in Venice Film Festival History. In 1973, 1977 and 1978 the festival did not even take place. The decade is regarded as a crisis period in the Venice Film Festival History.
From 1979 to 1982, the new director of the festival was the film director Carlo Lizzani. He rendered the festival the much needed makeover and the prestigious sheen it was lacking. The festival got back the true spirit of competitiveness in 1980. The Venice Film Festival History says that 1990 was also an important year for the festival with presence of the Hollywood stars, Jack Nicholson, Harrison Ford, Bruce Willis, Kevin Costner, Mel Gibson, Nicole Kidman, Denzel Washington, and Tom Hanks.
In Venice Film Festival History, it is found that the "Leone d'Oro" (Golden Lion) award was introduced in 1952. The San Marco Award for the best film in the "controcorrente" section has been added recently. The Golden Lion along with the Cannes Palme d'Or is a prestigious award, as prestigious as Hollywood's little golden man, the Oscar. The festival traditionally used to feature non-Hollywood cinema for a long time, but a rapprochement has been there recently.
It is also facing criticisms nowadays that it is turning to a launchpad for US films and the featuring secondary Italian movies for reasons not at all artistic, like, politics.
However, in the long saga of the Venice Film Festival History, controversies like these have always arisen. But the Venice Film Festival has stood the test of time and survived with the real spirit of cinema and sparked with the thrill of competition as well.
Date - 29 August to 8 September 2013
Place - Palazzo del Cinema & PalaBiennale
|1st June > 24th November 2013||55th International Art Exhibition|
|1st > 11th August 2013||42nd International Theatre Festival|
|28th August > 7th September 2013||70th Venice International Film Festival|
|4th > 13th October 2013||57th International Festival of Contemporary Music|
|7th June > 23rd November 2014||14th International Architecture Exhibition|