Event Name : Salzburg Festival
Start Date : Friday, 22 July 2016
End Date : Wednesday , 31 August 2016
Venue : Salzburg, Austria
The Salzburg Festival is a renowned festival of music and drama which is held annually in Salzburg, Austria stretching over five weeks starting in July end. This festival may be considered as a successor of the Salzburg Music Festival Weeks that was given by the Vienna Philharmonic between 1877 and 1910.
This festival was first started in 1877 but was withdrawn in 1910. At the end of World War I in 1918, the festival was revived by five men of German origin, who are now considered as its initiators.
The bench of organizers of the festival had the then prominent poet and dramatist Hugo von Hofmannsthal, writer Richard Strauss, scenic designer Alfred Roller, conductor Franz Schalk and the director of the Salzburg City Theater, Max Reinhardt as the prominent faces.
The Festival was formally reborn on 22 August 1920 with the show of Hofmannsthal's play Jedermann, an altered copy of the feudal English morality play Everyman on the steps of Cathedral Square. The display of Jedermann at Cathedral Square has now become a tradition.
In this year the ancient Archbishop's stable was transformed into an auditorium and the Salzburger Festival Hall unlocked its doors. During this time, the concerts by the Vienna Philharmonic became a consistent feature of the festival.
This period represents a golden period of the festival when the well-known performers Arturo Toscanini and Bruno Walter were seen during many performances. Vienna State Opera creations of works by Mozart, Beethoven, Wagner, and Verdi directed by these maestros were particularly notable. In 1936; the festival presented a concert by the Trapp Family Singers, whose performance story was later made into a musical film “The Sound of Music”. In 1937, the orchestra band of Boyd Neel presented Benjamin Britten’s Variations on the Theme of Frank Bridge at the Festival.
In the year 1938, when Austria was seized by Germany, the popularity of the Festival went down; however, it continued its act until being temporarily closed in the year 1943. The Salzburg Festival was revived as an international festival in 1945, immediately after the Victory of the Allied nations in Europe, when the World War II was at its end.
During this period, the charm of the festival was mainly shaped by the conductor Herbert von Karajan. From 1992 the Gérard Mortier, a Belgian performer led the festival, who, to some extent controversially, performed many modern works and cheered for modern explanations of the masterpieces of musical arts. In the year 2006, the 250th birth anniversary of Mozart was celebrated in the festival by staging all the 22 of his opera works to great acclaim. All the 22 were recorded and released to the public in November 2006. From the year 2002 till 2006, German performer, Peter Ruzicka was the successor to Mortier as artistic director, and from the year 2007 Jürgen Flimm has been succeeding him. Alexander Pereira is scheduled to succeed him after the 2011 summer festival.
Performances of music and drama at the Salzburg Festival are held in the old Festival Hall, the new Festival Hall, which was built in the year 1960, and the Riding School in the Cliff, which was built during the 17th century. The inhabited fort of the bishop and some other honored venues are also used for the music festival.
The Festival that was organized after World War II gradually grew in its fame as the leading midsummer opera festival, particularly in works done by Mozart.
250th birth anniversary of Mozart's was celebrated in the festival in the year 2006, by presenting all of his 22 opera works by shooting the operas which were later released to the general public in November 2006.
|January, February, March, April, May||daily 14.00 h|
|June, September||daily 14.00, 15.30 h|
|June August||daily 9.30, 14.00, 15.30 h|
|October, November, December (until 20.12.)||daily 14.00 h|
Adults: € 5.–
Children: € 2,90
A-5020 Salzburg, Austria
P.O. Box 140