Event Name : Montreux Jazz Festival
Start Date:, Friday 1 July 2016
End Date :Saturday , 16 July 2016
Venue : Switzerland
The Montreux Jazz Festival is the best-known music festival inSwitzerland and is one of the most prominent in Europe; it is held yearly in July in Montreux on the coasts of Lake Geneva.
The Montreux Jazz Festival was founded in 1967 by Claude Nobs, Géo Voumard and René Langelwith the significant help from AhmetErtegün and NesuhiErtegün of Atlantic Records. Firstheld at Montreux Casino, the festivalcontinued for three days and presentedjazz artists. The best parts of this festivalwerethe performances of Keith Jarrett, Jack DeJohnette, Bill Evans, Soft Machine, Weather Report, Nina Simone, Jan Garbarek, and Ella Fitzgerald.
Initially a pure jazzcarnival, it opened up in the 1970s and nowadays presents performers of nearly every possible music style, Jazz beingthevital part of the festival. The festival these days takes two weeks and drawsspectators of more than 200,000 people.
In the 1970s, the festival extended its range and included blues, soul, and rock artists likeMarianne Faithfull, Led Zeppelin, Pink Floyd, Frank Zappa, Deep Purple, Prince and many others. In December 1971, Montreux Casinocharred down due to whichthe festival was required to move until the new Casino was ready in 1975.
Just before the close of the decade, the festival extended even more, including music from all continents,with the stressmore on Brazilian musiccontinuing for a full three weeks. Artists like Santana,Van Morrison, Weather Report, Camarón de la Isla, Soft Machine, Chuck Berry, George Clinton and Parliament-Funkadelic, Eric Clapton, Bo Diddley, Stan Getz, Airto Moreira, Joe Henderson, Dizzy Gillespie, Oscar Peterson,and many more were among the few who performed in the Jazz Festival during that period. The initiator cum head organizer till 2008, Claude Nobs, has managed to bring a selection of artists to Montreux, both recognized ones and novices.
The festival was first held at the old Montreux Casino, which was charred down in December 1971 during the performanceof Frank Zappa, the story of which has been told in the performance of Deep Purple’s "Smoke on the Water". The festival was held then in other halls, until it could return to the new rebuilt Casino in 1975. Due to growth in the size of festival in the year 1993, it was moved to larger Convention Centre andfrom 1995 to2008; it engaged both the Convention Centre and the Casino. With the start of 41st edition of the festival in 2007, night showsof main artists were moved to the Convention Centre, while the Casino hosted the odd one-off shows. As of 2007, the Convention Centre hosted two main stages, Stravinsky Hall and Miles Davis Hall, as well as the smaller Montreux Jazz Cafe, and several smaller open-air stages around the Centre. Additional themed shows (Bahia, Blues, etc.) were held on boats cruising on the lake and train cars traveling the region.
The festival changed in the 1980s: it grew vividly and involveda wide variety of music styles. Jazz remained vital along with the Brazilian music, but more and more rock and pop artists were also called.
Notable artists like Miles Davis, British hard rock band Deep Purple, Santana, Max Roach, James Brown, George Clinton and Parliament-Funkadelic, Wynton Marsalis, Art Blakey, John McLaughlin, Stevie Ray Vaughan, etc. were regular artists who performed in the festival.
The growth that began in the 1980s has been continuous since then, transforming the Jazz festival of Montreux into a world music festival. Quincy Jones co-produced the festival from 1991 to 1993. By 1993, the festival had moved to a larger Convention Centre from the casino. The number of visitors rose from 75,000 in 1980 to 120,000 in 1994.
Many regular artists returnedand many new artists appeared on stage like Sting, Bob Dylan, Fats Domino, Johnny Cash etc. In 1999, the festival saw more than 220,000 visitors.
Montreux Jazz Festival Foundation organizes three competitions every year: Solo Piano, Guitar and Voice. For each competition a jury is composed of experts and presided by world famous musicians,who award the prizes. In addition, a local competition, the TremplinLémanique, is aimed at jazz bands that are based in the regions of the LémanLake.
|Montreux Jazz Festival Map|