The 68th Annual Cannes Film Festival commenced from 11th to 22nd May 2016.
The Italian and German fascist regimes interfered in the selection of films in late 1930s. Later, the French Minister of National Education opted to launch an international film festival in France. Philippe Erlanger, the British, and the Americans supported this proposal. Though many towns were proposed as candidates, Cannes was chosen to celebrate the film festival. As a result, Le Festival International de Cannes came into being.
- In June 1939, Louis Lumière was elected as the president of the first festival. The festival was conducted from 1 to 30th September, 1939.
- After World War II, the festival restarted in the old Casino of Cannes in 1946. The French Foreign Affairs Ministry and the City of Cannes sponsored the festival. The first Cannes Festival was a big success.
- In 1947, the festival was hosted again as the Festival du film de Cannes in which only sixteen countries participated.
- In 1948 and 1950, this festival was not held because of financial problems.
- In 1951, the Cannes Festival shifted to spring; and the Mostra continued in autumn.
- In 1962, the ‘French Union of Film Critics’ launched the ‘International Critics’ Week’ as the first parallel section of the Cannes Film Festival.
- The 1968 festival was revoked on 19th May, 1968, because, some directors withdrew from the contest.
- The Director’s Fortnight was founded by Pierre-Henri Deleau in 1969.
- In the 1970s, some important alterations happened in the Festival.
- In 1972, Robert Favre Le Bret was elected the new President; and Maurice Bessy the Managing Director.
- In 1978, Gilles Jacob was elected to the President’s Position, and established the Caméra d'Or award and the Un Certain Regard section.
- In 1984, the President of the Festival was Pierre Viot.
- By 1995, the President, Gilles Jacob formed la Cinéfondation.
- The Cinéfondation ended in 2000 with La Résidence, and the President was Gilles Jacob in 2000.
- The festival was formally renamed as “Festival de Cannes” in 2002.
- The Cinéfondation ended in 2005 with L'Atelier.
The Cannes Film Festival programmes are structured into various sections:
- The Official Selection - The major events of the festival are given below:
- In Competition
- Un-Certain Regard
- Out of Competition
- Special Screenings
- Short Films
- Parallel Sections - The non-competitive programmes which are offered to discover other features of cinema.
- Cannes Classics
- Tous les Cinémas du Monde
- Caméra d'Or
- Cinéma de la Plage
- Other Sections - Created by outdoor associations in the Cannes Festival.
- Directors' Fortnight
- International Critics' Week
- ‘Marché du Film’ is the biggest and busiest movie market of the world.
- ‘Masterclasses’ introduces world famous filmmakers to the public.
- ‘Tributes’ honors worldwide famous artists who have appeared with the Festival Trophee.
- ‘Producers Network’ is given a chance to produce worldwide co-productions.
- In 2007, Canes Film Festival had its ‘60th Anniversary’.
Cannes Film Festival Related Topics