- Microsoft for the utilization on various common daily purposes computer systems, including notebook PC's (computers), home and business desktops, and media hubs introduced a column of operating systems termed as Windows XP Operating systems.
- The alphabets "XP" denote the meaning eXPerience.
- Windows XP is the descendant to both Windows Me and Windows 2000 Professional.
- It is considered as the first consumer-oriented operating system launched by Microsoft which was built on the Windows NT kernel and architecture.
The first release of Windows XP was held on 25th October in the year 2001, and released data of more than 400 million to use in 2006 January.
The successor of Windows XP is Windows Vista which was released on 8th November in the year 2006 to some licensed customers and to worldwide on 30th January in the year 2007.
Components and Types:
- Windows XP Professional boasts various components such as two physical processors and support for Windows Server domains and its aim at power users and business customers.
- Windows XP Media Center Edition also possess extra multimedia characteristics that boosts the capability to record and view DVD movies, watch TV shows, and listen to music.
- Windows XP Tablet PC Edition is created to run the ink-aware Tablet PC podium.
- Windows XP 64-bit Edition for IA-64 (Itanium) processors and Windows XP professional x64 Edition for x86-64 also released two separate 64-bit versions.
- Windows XP is popular for its competence over the 9x versions of Microsoft Windows and enhanced constancy.
- It boasts an appreciably redesigned graphical user interface and thus a modified Microsoft is more endorsed as making it user-friendly.
- It is also treated as the first version of Windows to utilize the product activation to conflict software piracy.
- Windows XP was ultimately amalgamated into the Whistler project, which later designed as Windows XP.
- The two foremost editions are Windows XP Professional, generally made for business and power-users and Windows XP Home Edition, created for home users.
- Other editions of Windows XP include specialized hardware and limited-feature versions sold in Europe and to some other countries.
Windows XP Professional:
Windows XP Professional provides several characteristics such as:
- The facility to become part of a Windows Server domain where a cluster of computers that distantly manage one or more central servers.
- A refined access control system that permits precise authorizations on files to be approved to definite users under regular situations.
- Moreover, tools other than Windows Explorer like cacls or File Manager, or restart to Safe Mode to adapt entrance control lists can be used users.
- Offline Folder and Files also permit the PC to robotically store a copy of files from another networked computer and perform with it although disconnected from the network.
- Remote Desktop server permits PC to be functioned by Windows XP user over a local area network or the Internet also.
- Centralized management characteristics include Windows XP Software installer (Automatic Software Installation) and Maintenance Group Policies, Remote Installation Service and Roaming User Profiles.
- Encrypt File System, as it encrypts files stored on the computer's hard drive so that it cannot be read by another user, even with physical access to the storage means.
- Windows Management Instrumention Console is a command-line tool created to ease WMI information recovery about a system by utilizing easy keywords.
- Maintains two physical central processing units (CPU) and the multicore CPUs are assisted by using XP Home Edition.
- Internet Information Services (IIS), FTP Server and Microsoft's HTTP.
- Microsoft has also customized Windows XP to ensemble varieties in markets.
- Six diverse versions of Windows XP for definite hardware were created and two of them particularly for 64-bit processors.
- Windows XP Professional x64 is dependant on the code base and supports the x86-64 expansion of the Intel IA-32 design.
- x86-64 is put into operation by AMD as "AMD64", which was established in AMD's Opteron and Athlon 64 chips, and executed by Intel as "Intel 64 which was originated in Intel's Pentium 4.
- Windows XP Embedded is an edition for precise customer electronics, medical devices, set-top boxes, ATMs, kiosks, point-of-sale terminals, arcade video games, and Voice over Internet Protocol features.
- Windows XP Media Center Edition is created for media center PCs.
- The Media Center Edition in 2003 was updated as "Windows XP Media Center Edition 2003", which enhanced with extra characteristics such as FM radio tuning.
- Windows XP Tablet PC Edition is planned for creating notebook or laptop computers known as tablet PCs.
- The Tablet PC Edition is attuned with a pen-sensitive display, sustaining handwritten notes and portrait-oriented monitors.
- Microsoft in July 2006, launched a "thin-client" version of Windows XP termed as Windows Fundamentals for Legacy PCs, which aimed older machines and is obtainable to Software Pledge consumers.
- Windows XP Starter Edition is eco-friendly version of Windows XP obtainable in Malaysia, India, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, Brazil, Bolivia, Thailand, Indonesia, Turkey, Argentina, Russia, Mexico, Chile, Uruguay and Peru.
- Microsoft wanted to name the version as Reduced Media Edition, but European Union regulators put an objection and the Edition N name was suggested, as the N resembles not with Media Player for both Home and Professional editions of Windows XP.
- Windows XP can be obtained in numerous languages and add-ons translating the user line are also offered for some languages.
Windows XP launched various new characteristics to the Windows line such as:
- Fast user switching permits a user to store the present state and release applications of the desktop and assigns another user to sign in without losing any information.
- Faster start-up and hibernation successions
- Provide support for DSL modems and wireless network connections, as well as Bluetooth and networking over FireWire.
- The capability to abandon a newer tool driver in support of the previous one termed as driver rollback.
- The ClearType font representing mechanism is created to develop text readability on Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) and analogous screens.
- It is user-friendly line, including the framework for increasing themes for the desktop environment.
- Remote Desktop functionality, which allows users to connect to a computer running Windows XP from across a network or the Internet and access their applications, files, printers, and devices.