Operating System Softwares

Evolution

  • In the early computers, there were no operating systems.
  • By in the early 1960s, when the commercial computer merchants started supplying the extensive apparatus for reformation of the development, execution of jobs, and scheduling on batch processing systems.
  • With the advancement of the time we have come across a number of operating system software. Starting from the DOS, a lot much operating system software has got developed through out the ages like the UNIX, Oracle etc depending on the requirement.
  • The most commonly-used modern desktop and laptop operating system is the Microsoft Windows.
  • Though more powerful servers make the use of FreeBSD, Linux, and other Unix-like systems a lot.
  • Though, these types of operating systems, particularly Mac OS X, are also installed on the personal computers.

Types of Operating Systems and Softwares:

  • Single User Systems: This provides a base for only single user at a particular time. These types of operating system software are more popularly with Desk Tops.
  • Multi User Systems: These provide a regulated admittance for a certain number of users by keeping up a database of identified users.

    Names of different operating systems and softwares that are available:

      1. AEGIS
      2. AMIGA-OS-1.2
      3. AMIGA-OS-1.3
      4. AMIGA-OS-2.0
      5. AMIGA-OS-2.1
      6. AMIGA-OS-3.0
      7. AMIGA-OS-3.1
      8. AMIGA-OS-3.5
      9. AMIGA-OS-3.9
      10. APOLLO
      11. AIX/370
      12. AIX-PS/2
      13. BEOS-4.5.2
      14. BEOS-5.0
      15. BS-2000
      16. CEDAR
      17. CGW
      18. CHORUS
      19. CHRYSALIS
      20. CMOS
      21. CMS
      22. COS
      23. CPIX
      24. CTOS
      25. CTSS
      26. DCN
      27. DDNOS
      28. DOMAIN
      29. DOS
      30. EDX
      31. ELF
      32. EMBOS
      33. EMMOS
      34. EPOS
      35. FOONEX
      36. FREEBSD
      37. FORTH
      38. FUZZ
      39. GCOS
      40. GPOS
      41. HDOS
      42. IMAGEN
      43. INSTANT-INTERNET
      44. INTERCOM
      45. IMPRESS
      46. INTERLISP
      47. IOS
      48. IRIX
      49. ISI-6802
      0 50. ITS
      51. KOSOS
      52. LINUX
      53. LINUX-1.0
      54. LINUX-1.2
      55. LINUX-2.0
      56. LINUX-2.2
      57. LINUX-2.4
      58. LISP
      59. LISPM
      60. LOCUS
      61. MACOS
      62. MINOS
      63. MOS
      64. MPE5
      65. MPE/V
      66. MPE/IX
      67. MSDOS
      68. MULTICS
      69. MUSIC
      70. MUSIC/SP
      71. MVS
      72. MVS/SP
      73. NETBSD-1.0
      74. NETBSD-1.1
      75. NETBSD-1.2
      76. NETBSD-1.3
      77. NETWARE-3
      78. NETWARE-3.11
      79. NETWARE-4.0
      80. NETWARE-4.1
      81. NETWARE-5.0
      82. NEXUS
      83. NMS
      84. NONSTOP
      85. NOS-2
      86. NTOS
      87. OPENBSD
      88. OPENVMS
      89. OS/DDP
      90. OS/2
      91. OS4
      92. OS86
      93. OSX
      94. PCDOS
      95. PERQ/OS
      96. PLI
      97. PSDOS/MIT
      98. PSOS
      99. PRIMOS
      100. RISC-OS
      101. RISC-OS-3.10
      102. RISC-OS-3.50
      103. RISC-OS-3.60
      104. RISC-OS-3.70
      105. RISC-OS-4.00
      106. RMX/RDOS
      107. ROS
      108. RSX11M
      109. RTE-A
      110. SATOPS
      111. SINIX
      112. SCO-OPEN-DESKTOP-1.0
      113. SCO-OPEN-DESKTOP-1.1
      114. SCO-OPEN-DESKTOP-2.0
      115. SCO-OPEN-DESKTOP-3.0
      116. SCO-OPEN-DESKTOP-LITE-3.0
      117. SCO-OPEN-SERVER-3.0
      118. SCO-UNIX-3.2.0
      119. SCO-UNIX-3.2V2.0
      120. SCO-UNIX-3.2V2.1
      121. SCO-UNIX-3.2V4.0
      122. SCO-UNIX-3.2V4.1
      123. SCO-UNIX-3.2V4.2
      124. SCO-XENIX-386-2.3.2
      125. SCO-XENIX-386-2.3.3
      126. SCO-XENIX-386-2.3.4
      127. SCS
      128. SIMP
      129. SUN
      130. SUN-OS-3.5
      131. SUN-OS-4.0
      132. SWIFT
      133. TAC
      134. TANDEM
      135. TENEX
      136. THE-MAJOR-BBS
      137. TOPS10
      138. TOPS20
      139. TOS
      140. TP3010
      141. TRSDOS
      142. ULTRIX
      143. UNIX
      144. UNIX-BSD
      145. UNIX-V1AT
      146. UNIX-V
      147. UNIX-V.1
      148. UNIX-V.2
      149. UNIX-V.3
      150. UNIX-PC
      151. UNKNOWN
      152. UT2D
      153. V
      154. VM
      155. VM/370
      156. VM/CMS
      157. VM/SP
      158. VMS
      159. VMS/EUNICE 160. VRTX
      161. WAITS
      162. WANG
      163. WIN32
      164. WINDOWS-95
      165. WINDOWS-95-OSR1
      166. WINDOWS-95-OSR2
      167. WINDOWS-98
      168. WINDOWS-CE
      169. WINDOWS-NT
      170. WINDOWS-NT-2
      171. WINDOWS-NT-3
      172. WINDOWS-NT-3.5
      173. WINDOWS-NT-3.51
      174. WINDOWS-NT-4
      175. WINDOWS-NT-5
      176. WINDOWS VISTA
      177. WORLDGROUP
      178. WYSE-WYXWARE
      179. X11R3
      180. XDE
      181. XENIX
    • All these are the Official System Names and they are kept in this table as they come into sight in the System HINFO records, the NIC Host Table and Domain Name
    • Today, most current operating systems include Graphical User Interfaces.
    • A small number of older operating systems strongly incorporated the GUI into the kernel, for example, in the new implementations of Mac OS and Microsoft Windows, the graphical subsystem was truly a part of the kernel system.
    • More up to date operating systems are modular, straightening out the graphical subsystem from the kernel system (as it is now found with the Mac OS X and the Linux).
    • The most common and widely used operating system software is the Microsoft Windows. The Microsoft Windows family of operating systems started as an attachment to the elder MS-DOS settings for the IBM PC.
    • Current versions are based on the later discovered Windows NT core which was at first intended for OS/2 and taken on loan from VMS.
    • Windows are compatible on x86, x86-64 and Itanium processors.
    • Previous versions are also compatible on the MIPS, Fairchild (later Intergraph) Clipper, and DEC Alpha and PowerPC architectures (a number of the work was completed to link it with the SPARC architecture).
    • As of September 2007, Microsoft Windows has got a large amount of the desktop market share through out the world.
    • Windows is now also being incorporated on servers, database servers and supporting appliances such as web servers.
    • In current years, Microsoft has spent a he amount of money in marketing and research & development to exhibit that Windows is able to run any enterprise application.
    • This has resulted in dependable price to performance records and considerable approval in the enterprise marketplace.
    • The chiefly used edition of the Microsoft Windows folks is the Windows XP, which was released on 25th October 2001.