The textile manufacturing has a long history in the US, dating back to the beginning of the Industrial Revolution. Textile manufacturers are constantly raising in the terms of quality though competeted by Asia and South Africa in global markets. Many of the textile manufacturers perform every step in the manufacturing process, from making the yarn to finishing the fabric. But some textile manufacturers specialize in only one operation. For example, a textile mill may produce cloth with yarn it buys from one company and then sell the fabric to another firm for finishing.
Types of Textile Manufacturers
As discussed earlier there are many types of textile manufacturers. Some manufactures are expert in producing yarns while some of them are specialised in producing fabrics. As far as techniques and methods are considered, there are two basic types of textile manufacturers.
As far as techniques and methods are concerned, there are two basic types of textile manufacturers in US.
Woven Textile Manufacturers
Woven textile manufacturers employ two sets of yarns a lengthwise set called the warp and a crosswise set called the filling or weft. There are three basic woven patterns:
- the plain weave,
- the twill weave,
- the satin weave.
Knitted Textile Manufacturers
These manufacturers employ a single yarn or a set of yarns.
Others include tufted textile manufacturers, nets and laces textile manufacturers, braid textile manufacturers, and felt textile manufacturers.
Classification by Yarn
Not only this, the manufacturers are also classified on the basis of textile yarn they produce like Acetate manufacturers, Acetate manufacturers, Metallic manufacturers, Nylon manufacturers, Polyester manufacturers etc.
Problems faced by manufacturers
The textile manufacturers have always been one of the major staples in the American economy. However, due to escalating production prices and free trade agreements that the government has begun to take part in, the manufacturers are suffering. The US dispatches raw materials to other countries in which the products are made. The cost of labour is cheaper and gives manufacturers the ability to buy and sell at lower costs. This increases competitiveness and has also led to several textile manufacturers having to shut down operations. Some other norms of the government are also hindering the growth of textile manufacturing in US.
All these problems can be handled only through a proper association of all the manufacturers. As such, manufacturers have formed various associations like Textile Society of America, Textile Manufacturers' Association etc to get rid of the government norms hindering their growth.
Some of the leading textile manufacturers in US are Milliken & Company, Avondale Mills, Fab Industries Inc. etc.