Automation is a term defined as the process in which machines will perform the tasks done by human beings. In simple words, the replacement of human operations by using computers. Industrial automation plays a vital role in increasing productivity and cost reduction.
In recent years, the major development happened in the automation field. There are five different types of automation that include:
It comprises of numerically controlled devices, robots and automated material handling systems used in the manufacturing of products in different machines.
It includes the usage of the computers in the production planning and control function to manufacture industrial products. It comprises of robots, numerically controlled devices and other automated tools.
It consists of all related computer technologies being used in the manufacturing field for easy facilitation of manufacturing process.
Machine tools have been programmed to execute manufacturing operations of products.
It will execute all types of tasks been usually handled by humans. In manufacturing, robots will handle a variety of tasks such as welding, painting, testing, inspection etc.
It interlinks all types of manufacturing operations through an integrated computer network. The main applications of computer-integrated manufacturing that include product design system changes, cost reduction and manufacturing operations optimization.
At the time of upgrading your automation system, the following points are to be considered:
Thus, factory automation will result in improving safety, productivity and quality of manufacturing operations. And also, it can reduce costs; optimize manufacturing operations and suitable return on investment.