Art forms that have their main focus on visual things in nature as their primary importance are called Visual Arts. They exist in different forms such as, painting, filmmaking, photography and printmaking. Sculpture and architecture are called Plastic arts and they are three- dimensional objects. Certain aspects of Visual arts are found in language arts, performing arts and culinary (cooking) arts.
These days the term visual arts are given to fine arts and crafts also. Earlier, before the Arts and Crafts Movement (Britain), the term was used to refer a person working on fine arts like printmaking, sculpture and painting.
There are various types of visual arts. They are as follows:
Drawing is an art of creating an image by using various tools and techniques. They are created by making marks on any given surface using a tool. The commonly used tools are crayons, color pencils, pastels, charcoals, markers, pencils (graphite), ink and pen and brushes with ink. Some digital tools, which produce the effect of these tools, are also used. There are many techniques used for drawing. Some frequently used techniques are, blending, hatching, cross-hatching, random hatching, scribbling and stippling. The drawing artist is widely known as a draughtsman or draftsman.
The applying of any color in any given medium and glue or anything else as a binding agent on a surface as a support such as paper or canvas or wall is called as Painting. Painting is a perfect blend of drawing and other compositions. Painting is used for expressing ideas and thoughts, mythological figures and on any pottery.
Sistine Chapel is a perfect example for this visual art.
Printmaking is the creation of images on a paper or any fabric or plastic by means of ink or any other pigmentation. The major techniques used in Printmaking are screen printing, woodcut, lithography, etching, line engraving etc. These days there are modern digital techniques of Printmaking. Normally Printmaking is done on papers, but there are exceptions of them doing the printing on cloth and vellum and any modern material.
Japan’s Ukiyo-e is the oldest form of Printmaking.
The continuous process of making and creating images by means of the constant action of light is called as Photography. The light patterns from objects are acquired or recorded through a timed exposure in to a chip meant for storage or any other medium. This is done through cameras that are mechanical, chemical or digital devices.
The result of this is called as a Photograph, picture or a photo.
Computer art is an art in which computers play a major role in producing or displaying the artwork. It can be an image, website, algorithm, sound, animation, video, CD-ROM, DVD-ROM, video game, etc. There has arrived many digital technologies born out of traditional ones. The computer art is evolutionary and subject to change at anytime with the advent of technologies.
Plastic art is a form of visual art that can be moulded or modulated in one way or the other. They are often created in three dimensions.
Some examples of plastic arts are: