Photography Types

Photography is one of the most imaginative arts and while most people who have a passion for photography enjoy it in general, there are some who like to focus on a certain type of photography. Here is a list of the various types or styles of photography ranging from traditional< to new which one can choose from depending on one’s area of interest.

  • Aerial Photography – means taking pictures< from an elevation. Capturing a bird’s eye view which can be used for various purposes like land-use planning, environmental studies, military and espionage.
  • Baby Photography – is the challenging art of clicking baby photographs and capturing those innocent natural moments as babies rarely remain still. One needs to be really alert in order to capture that precious moment before it vanishes in a flash. One of the famous professional baby photographers is Anne Geddes.     
  • Concert Photography – involves expertise to click photographs in low light situations such as concerts, theatre and indoor sports.
  • Digital Stock Photography – is closest to general photography as it involves clicking images in general which can be used commercially. This type has gained popularity thanks to the computer age as it can be used by publishers of all genres. Some of the websites which provide a platform to stock photographers are flickr.com and shutterstock.com.
  • Exterior Architecture Photography – consists of taking pictures of any type of man-made structures like houses, churches, bridges, buildings, sculptures, fountains etc.
  • Infra Red Photography – involves taking pictures what the eye cannot see especially in the dark and through haze. This type of photography is useful for scientific purposes, rescue operations, surveillance, victim locating, research and development, home inspections, military operations and intelligence. One needs a special infrared camera and films which produce images that aren't possible with conventional cameras and films.
  • Interior architectural photography – is about taking photographs of indoor architecture indoors, be it interior gardens, courtyards, staircases, stained glass windows and patterned or painted ceilings. This type of photography gives an opportunity to experiment with various filters, lenses, lighting techniques and camera angles.
  • Landscape Photography - is about clicking nature in its true glory. This is one of the easiest to pursue as the subject matter is available everywhere and is stationary yet it gives one to explore and experiment in different lighting and weather situations.   
  • Macro Photography - is also known as close up photography. This type of photography aims to have the subject in life size, which means a 1:1 magnification ratio. The most common subjects for this type of photography are insects.
  • Night Photography – While photographs in sunlight add brightness to photographs moonlit photographs have their own charm as the world looks different at night.
  • Panoramic Photography – gives a panoramic view by showing the complete viewing area similar to what a human eye can see.
  • Photojournalism – In a world where citizen journalism is catching like wildfire. This type of photography captures an event in its true essence by being there and capturing it at the right time. This is where a good snap can tell the story all by itself.
  • Portrait Photography – is one of the oldest forms of photography which can be practiced indoors and outdoors. It is also one of the most popular forms as it showcases the person’s personality / character.
  • Sports Photography – If you enjoy sports you know what action and a make or break second is all about. These snaps capture the energy of the player, the essence of the game and of course the moment of victory or defeat.
  • Travel Photography – There is a reason why 99 percent of tourists carry a camera. One can take all kinds of photographs while visiting a place; be it a famous landmark, scenery or people.

The lines of distinction from one type of photography to another are more or less fluid and what matters most is to click the right thing at the right time. After all, a picture is worth a thousand words and the most important equipment one uses is ones’ eyes and imagination.

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