Northern Red Sea

Northern Red Sea, along the northern three quarters of the Red Sea of Eritrea covers the Dahlak Archipelago and the coastal city of Massawa. This northern section of the Red Sea, located between Asia and Africa is often mentioned as an underwater “Garden of Eden”. It is a treasure house of some of the richest corals in the world. The Northern Red Sea is 1900 Kilometers long, 100 to 300 Kilometers wide and about 500 meters deep. This stunning submarine paradise marks the borders of the Anseba, Debub and the Southern Red Sea region.  The Northern Red Sea region is one among the six regions of Eritrea.


The formation of the Red Sea can be traced back to approximately 55 million years ago. It is believed that the plate tectonics and tectonic activity below the earth’s crust split apart the two continents of Arabia and Africa, which were once connected. Experts and geologists believe that the formation of the Northern Red Sea still continues at a slow pace and eventually will become an ocean.

Key facts about Northern Red Sea:

Northern Red Sea stretches over 27,800 km². It is renowned for its stunning beauty and biodiversity of marine life. Divers all over the world choose the Northern Red Sea to explore the beauty of its underwater world. It has thousands of different fish species and hundreds of coral species too! The venomous bright-red lionfish is found in the Northern Red Sea. The Northern Red Sea Region includes the lowest point in Eritrea- Lake Kulul. The world’s largest expanses of sand surround the Northern Red Sea. The serene beauty all around the Northern Red Sea is incredibly popular for Safaris and it has a variety of tour options too. The water of Northern Red Sea takes red and orange shades when the sun hits it at a particular angle. It is considered to be one of the best places for diving, snorkeling, sailing and canoeing.  Its astonishingly beautiful habitat attracts tourists all over the world.

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