Guitar is a musical instrument mostly made of wood with strings attached to it that produces melodic sounds. Guitar like instruments have been around since 5,000 years. It is also said that modern day guitar is a derivative of Indian sitar and European similar instrument introduced by Romans.
A typical guitar has 6 strings but this number varies from guitar to guitar. Each string has different length that leads to different frequencies. When strings are plucked by the guitar player, they produce a vibration in the air that generates sounds.
Few parts of guitars are stated below:
Guitars can play all the notes that a piano can play. There are 7 basisnotes in music which are universal. Out of 7 notes, 5 notes can be played as sharp note or flat note. Sharp notes are high-pitched notes and flat notes are low pitch notes as compared to the sharp ones. Notes terminology used in Guitars is: A - A# - B - C - C# - D- D# - E- F - F# - G- G#. Notes marked with "#" sign sharp notes and without "#" sign are flat notes.
There are two main categories of the musical instrument guitar, namely:
Guitars are played inall parts of the world and are used in all types of music ranging form western pop, rock to eastern classical, ghazals (eastern form of music) from operas to symphonies and so forth.
Guitars can be played in more than one ways for example it can be played accompanying a singer along with other instruments, in an orchestra or even in a solo performance.
Though it's a western instrument, but it's a popular instrument in South Asia, and Central Asia, Africa and China. In fact these regions have their own form guitars that have a history of it. Shapes and sizes vary from region to region and from culture to culture.
Guitar is relatively a difficult instrument to learn as compared to other instruments like piano or drums. Proper training is required to excel in this instrument. A lot of material is also available for guitar lovers on the internet.