Greek Civilization

Ancient Greek history

One of the ancient birth places of human civilization is attributed to Greece, along with Persian civilizations, Egyptian civilizations and Indian civilizations. From the primitive inhabitations of the man-kind in caves and barbaric cultures being adopted in the jungle life, civilizations reformed the human race to more mature and realistic ways of life till date. Greek history dates back to 2800 years BC, even though varied claims are made by the historians, from the Minoan civilization followed by the invasion of the Mycenaean into mainland Greece.

Dark Ages start from 1200 BC by the Dorian invasion with superior weapons made of iron to end the Mycenaean's' era. But authentic Greek Civilizations History begins with the Roman Empire and the Olympic Games of 776 BC. With the death of Alexander the Great, in 323 BC, the traditional period in history of the Greek comes to an end.

According to many historians the ancient Greek civilization is foundational for the culture of Western Civilization and continues to be so, till today.

Greek culture had its influence to a great extent in the entire Europe in

  • Greek Language and its growth
  • Greek Politics - basics and fundamentals
  • Systems of education in Greek - including curriculum
  • Greek Philosophy - in its diverse nature
  • Greek Arts - of all fields
  • Greek Civilisation Architecture - in designing the features

After undergoing many a turbulent periods of Kings and rulers, the effects of World Wars I and II, the modern Greece of today breathes the freshness of democracy. The strides made in the economic growth are remarkable after joining the European Union in 2001.

Ancient Greek Mythology

The sources available for going into the Greek Mythology are mainly the Greek literature and presentations in the visual media. The age old epic poems of Homer - the Iliad and the Odyssey - supplemented by the works of Hesiod, a contemporary of Homer - Theogony (Origin of the Gods) illustrate the ancient Greek Mythology. Ancient Greek Mythology deal with the creation of the world, the origin of the gods, Giants and Titans as well as the folk tales. Lyrical poets of later years also take up subjects from the ancient myths when dealing with gods, heroes and heroines of Greek mythology. Archeological surveys conducted by eminent archeologists also supplement the versions of Greek mythology from the scripts and artifacts found during excavation.

The names of Greek gods and goddesses found in Greek mythology starts from the Olympians (12 of them) residing at the top of Mount Olympus, under the control of Zeus.

Besides these Olympians, various names of Gods worshipped by the ancient Greeks are found such as

  • The goat-god Pan
  • Spirits of Rivers - Nymphs
  • Naiads - lived in the springs
  • Dryads - spirits of the trees
  • Nereids - inhabited the sea
  • Satyrs of the rivers

Thus the Greek mythology, Greek gods and goddesses including Greek religion are very interesting subjects to explore.

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