The Belize Barrier Reef is a chain of coral reefs stand with one leg on either side of the coast of Belize, approximately 300 meters offshore in the north and 40 kilometers in the south in the country limits. It is a 300-kilometer length segment of the 900-kilometer marine region, which is constant from Cancun through the Riviera Maya and up to Honduras, making it one of the largest around the world. It is tourist destination of Belize, for scuba diving and snorkeling attracting half of its 260,000 visitors. It is also very important to the country's fishing activity.
In 1842 English naturalist reported it as "the most remarkable reef in the West Indies"
The main species in Belize Barrier Reef are:
About 90% of the reef is still required to be researched and discovered only 10% of all species.
Belize completed ban bottom trawling in December 2010, which is the first country in the world.
The protected reefs by Belize Barrier Reef Reserve System are
It totals 960 square kilometers in region, including:
In 1996 the Reserve System was chosen as a World Heritage Site due to its susceptibility. In spite of these protective measures, the reef is in danger from deep-sea pollution as well as
As a result increase in ocean temperatures causes coral bleaching. Scientists reported that since 1988, Belize's coral reef has been damaged around 40 percent. In 1995, the first mass bleaching happened.